Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW23] Hydrology & Water Environment

Wed. May 29, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 103 (1F)

convener:Isao Machida(Geological Survey of Japan), Dai Yamazaki(Institute of Industrial Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Takeshi Hayashi(Faculty of Education and Human Studies, Akita University), Keisuke Fukushi(Institute of Nature & Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University), Chairperson:Keisuke Fukushi

11:35 AM - 11:50 AM

[AHW23-21] Transport processes of suspended solids in the Kumaki River inferred from atmospheric radionuclides

*Shinya Ochiai1, Ryunosuke Tahara2, Tetsuya Matsunaka1, Seiya Nagao1 (1.Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University, 2.Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University)

Keywords:suspended solids, river catchment area, atmospheric radionuclides

The Kumaki River, which drains into the Nanao Bay, is in the central part of the Noto Peninsula. Over recent years, the vegetation in the catchment area of the Kumaki River has changed, and the areas of unmanaged forest and cultivated areas have progressively increased because of plantation activities and decreasing and aging population. These anthropogenic catchment environmental changes may affect the erosion and transport of clastic materials and particulate organic matter to the lower reaches and coastal areas. It is therefore important to clarify the transport processes of these materials to achieve proper management and prediction of environmental changes in river watersheds and coastal areas.
To investigate the transport processes of suspended solids (SS) in the Kumaki River, the atmospheric radionuclides (210Pbex, 7Be, and 137Cs) of SS samples were observed. The SS samples were obtained with a continuous centrifuge of the river water (100 L) collected at the three sampling points (upstream, midstream, and downstream) in Kumaki River every month since April 2016. The concentrations of atmospheric radionuclides in SS samples were measured with a Ge detector. The water discharge was also measured based on cross-sectional profiles of water depth and the flow velocity with a leveling rod and a flow meter at each sampling point.
The 7Be/210Pbex activity ratio of SS sample, which is related to the residence time of these radionuclides in the catchment area, showed clear positive correlation with the water discharge and it was high during winter season with higher precipitation in each sampling point. This result indicates that SS was transported in a shorter time scale during rainfall event and winter season. On the other hand, 7Be/210Pbex ratio exceptionally decreased during heavy rainfall events with the higher water discharge over the threshold value, implying that older stored sediment and subsurface soil were eroded and transported under these conditions. Temporal and spatial changes in 137Cs concentration and 137Cs/210Pbex ratio of SS sample showed different fluctuation in each sampling point, suggesting that changes in discharge amount and source of SS were affected by the subcatchment-scale local hydrological environments and land use conditions.