Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS07] Climate variability and predictability on subseasonal to decadal timescales

Thu. May 30, 2019 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 105 (1F)

convener:Takashi Mochizuki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), V Ramaswamy(NOAA GFDL), Doug Smith(Met Office), Yushi Morioka(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:V Ramaswamy(NOAA GFDL), Takashi Mochizuki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

1:45 PM - 2:00 PM

[AOS07-01] Seasonal Predictions of Tropical Cyclones in 2018 using GFDL and NICAM High-Resolution Global Models

★Invited Papers

*Hiroyuki Murakami1,2, Masuo Nakano3, V Ramaswamy1, Thomas Delworth1, Sarah Kapnick1, Rich Gudgel1, Takashi Mochizuki3, Takeshi Doi3, Yushi Morioka3 (1.Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, 2.University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, 3.JAMSTEC)

Keywords:Tropical Cyclone, Seasonal Prediction, Pacific Meridional Mode, Anthropogenic Forcing, Typhoon, Global Warming

We conduct real-time seasonal forecast using high-resolution global models (GFDL-FLOR, GFDL-HiFLOR, and NICAM) that have skill in predicting tropical cyclone statistics over the global ocean basins. The seasonal predictions starting from 2018 July initial conditions show above normal frequency of tropical cyclones in the Western North Pacific and Central Pacific Oceans as observed. To understand physical mechanisms behind the active storm season in the Pacific, we conducted idealized seasonal forecasts by changing sea surface temperature spatial patterns, which is so called "real-time attribution" simulations. We find out that warmer subtropical Pacific associated with positive Pacific Meridional Mode (PMM), rather than central Pacific El Nino, was responsible for the active storm season. In the presentation, we will also show preliminary results for impact of anthropogenic forcing on the 2018 active storm season.