3:00 PM - 3:15 PM
[AOS07-06] Development of weakly coupled atmosphere-ocean data assimilation system and the evaluation of the coupled reanalysis in JMA/MRI
Keywords:coupled data assimilation, coupled analysis, Subseasonal-to-seasonal prediction, sea surface temperature, precipitation
Coupled reanalysis experiments based on MRI-CDA1 are conducted for the period from November 2013 to December 2015. In the coupled reanalysis the excess rainfall found in the tropics in Japanese 55-year Reanalysis (JRA-55) is effectively suppressed, particularly in the Intertropcal Convergence Zone (ITCZ) in the Pacific. We also confirmed that the coupled DA system properly reproduces the lagged-correlated variations of Sea Surface Temperature (SST) and precipitation in the far western tropical North Pacific which is not reproduced by a regular uncoupled DA system. The variation of the precipitation is improved in the coupled reanalysis over the uncoupled one when only conventional data and oceanic data are assimilated. But the coupled DA system adjusts SST to the change of precipitation, instead of correcting the precipitation field, when atmospheric data from satellite are additionally assimilated. We also conducted another coupled reanalysis experiment in which the atmospheric observation error variances set larger than the original, and found that the variation of the precipitation in the tropics is roughly improved over the original coupled reanalysis.