Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS07] Climate variability and predictability on subseasonal to decadal timescales

Thu. May 30, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Takashi Mochizuki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), V Ramaswamy(NOAA GFDL), Doug Smith(Met Office), Yushi Morioka(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

[AOS07-P13] Role of sea-ice initialization in climate predictability over the Weddell Sea

*Yushi Morioka1, Takeshi Doi1, Doroteaciro Iovino2, Simona Masina2, Swadhin Behera1 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), 2.Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC))

Keywords:Air-sea-ice interaction, Climate predictability, Weddell Sea

Potential impact of sea-ice initialization on the interannual climate predictability over the Weddell Sea is investigated using a coupled general circulation model. Climate variability in the Weddell Sea is generally believed to have association with remote forcing such as El Niño-Southern Oscillation and the Southern Annual Mode. However, sea-ice variability in the Weddell Sea has been recently suggested to play additional roles in modulating local atmospheric variability through changes in surface air temperature and near-surface baroclinicity. When both the model’s sea-surface temperature (SST) and sea-ice concentration (SIC) are initialized with observations using nudging schemes, reforecast experiments from September 1st show improvements in predicting the observed SIC anomalies in the Weddell Sea up to four months ahead, compared to the other experiments with only SST initialization. During austral spring (Oct-Dec) of lower-than-normal sea-ice years in the Weddell Sea, reforecast experiments with the SST and SIC initializations reasonably predict high surface air temperature anomalies in the Weddell Sea and high sea-level pressure anomalies over the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. These results suggest that accurate initialization of sea-ice conditions during austral winter is necessary for skillful prediction of climate variability over the Weddell Sea during austral spring.