11:00 AM - 11:15 AM
[AOS11-08] Experimental study on elementary hydrological process of rainfall in a forested continental hinterland
Keywords:Biotic Pump of Atmospheric Moisture, canopy interception, splash droplet evaporation, stable isotope of water
Nonetheless, MG (2007) and their series of studies did not explicitly mention the reason of large ET from forests. It is great in forests because evaporation of canopy interception (hereafter refer to interception; typically some 20% of rainfall) at the time of rainfall is larger than that from any other vegetative surfaces, though the amount of transpiration is similar independent of vegetation types under a certain climate condition.
Some studies showed that interception is proportional to the rainfall amount on an hourly basis. For example Hashino et al. (2012) observed evaporation rate of more than 10 mm/hour during rainfall that requires latent heat of five times as large as the solar constant. To explain such huge amount of evaporation during rainfall Murakami (2006) proposed splash droplet evaporation mechanism. I believe it is the only explanation of enormous evaporation because small droplets can evaporate and disappear quickly even under very high humidity based on the theory and experiments of cloud physics. On top of that, latent heat is supplied from clouds upon condensation of water vaper. However, splash droplet evaporation along with BP is still a hypothesis.
To prove the splash droplet evaporation hypothesis stable isotope of water is used. Over 1000 of rainwater samples were collected on an hourly basis both under the forest canopy and at the opening simultaneously (Fig. 2). The isotopic ratios are measured and are being analyzed in combine with the meteorological data. The outline of the methodology is presented at the meeting.
Hashino, M., Yao H., Tamura T. 2010 Micro-Droplet Flux in Forest and its Contribution to Interception Loss of Rainfall – Theoretical Study and Field Experiment. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 2, 872-879. DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.2101
Makarieva, A. M., Gorshkov V. G. 2007 Biotic pump of atmospheric moisture as driver of the hydrological cycle on land. 11, 1013–1033. DOI: 10.5194/hess-11-1013-2007
Murakami, S. 2006 A proposal for a new forest canopy interception mechanism: Splash droplet evaporation. Journal of Hydrology, 319, 72-82. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.07.002