Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS12] Marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles: theory, observation and modeling

Mon. May 27, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 302 (3F)

convener:Shin-ichi Ito(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Takafumi Hirata(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Enrique N Curchitser(Rutgers University New Brunswick), Eileen E Hofmann(Old Dominion University), Chairperson:Yoshimasa Matsumura(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

10:45 AM - 11:05 AM

[AOS12-06] A Lagrangian view of spring phytoplankton blooms

★Invited Papers

*Shinichiro Kida1, Taka Ito2 (1.Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, 2.Georgia Institute of Technology)

Keywords:Spring Bloom, Lagrangian model

The basic mechanism behind spring phytoplankton blooms is investigated using a 1-dimensional Lagrangian NPZD model, where the movement and transfers of nutrient parcels are solved by tracking a nitrogen parcel. The Lagrangian framework is useful for understanding how the nitrogen cycle works in the ocean since it naturally follows the movement of materials through the turbulent ocean environment. The model reveals that the onset of spring blooms depends on the cumulative euphotic age, which is the total time that inorganic nutrient is exposed to light before the photosynthetic conversion to phytoplankton biomass. This is regardless of the underlying mechanism, such as critical depth hypothesis or critical turbulence hypothesis. The difference between the two modes lies in how cumulative euphotic age is accumulated and this can be distinguished by examining the cumulative euphotic age spectrum. We further examined the impact of mortality by comparing the model experiments with and without mortality. The cumulative euphotic age necessary for a spring bloom is found to increase, as expected, but the spectral shapes remained similar.