Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS12] Marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles: theory, observation and modeling

Mon. May 27, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 302 (3F)

convener:Shin-ichi Ito(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Takafumi Hirata(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Enrique N Curchitser(Rutgers University New Brunswick), Eileen E Hofmann(Old Dominion University), Chairperson:Yoshimasa Matsumura(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

11:05 AM - 11:20 AM

[AOS12-07] Significance of acclimation process in simulating chlorophyll distribution in the Arctic Ocean

*Yoshio Masuda1, Yasuhiro Yamanaka1, Takafumi Hirata1, Hideyuki Nakano2 (1.Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Meteorological Research Institute)

Keywords:Phytoplankton, Ecosystem model, FlexPFT

Recently, our team has developed a new oceanic ecosystem model (FlexPFT-3D) based on a novel theory for phytoplankton physiology (Smith et al. 2015). Different from our previous models (NEMURO, MEM), the model represents phytoplankton acclimation processes in which phytoplankton change their stoichiometry (nitrogen:carbon:chlorophyll:iron) according to the change of a surrounding environment. A clear improvement was found in chlorophyll distributions in oceanic interior and the Arctic Ocean. Arctic chlorophyll concentration in the new model is comparable to the observation, while it is underestimated in the previous models. In the Arctic Ocean, significant seasonal environmental change exists especially in a light condition. The new model can represent increase in the rate of chlorophyll to carbon biomass in the summer and resulting increase in the phytoplankton specific growth rate; those contribute to the improvement in simulating Arctic chlorophyll concentration.