Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS13] Ocean circulation and material cycle in coastal seas

Mon. May 27, 2019 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 102 (1F)

convener:Kiyoshi Tanaka(University of Tokyo), Akihiko Morimoto(Ehime University), Yuichi Hayami(Saga University), Kazuhiko Ichimi(Seto Inland Sea Regional Research Center, Kagawa University), Chairperson:Akihiko Morimoto, Yuichi Hayami

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[AOS13-10] North Pacific seawater radiocarbon recorded in abalone shells obtained from Otsuchi Bay, Japan

*Ota Kosuke1, Yusuke Yokoyama1,2, Yosuke Miyairi2, Jun Hayakawa2, Naomi Sato2, Hideki Fukuda2, Kiyoshi Tanaka2 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 2.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Radiocarbon, AMS, Abalone, Otsuchi Bay, Oyashio Current, Ocean circulation

Reconstructing past ocean currents in the coastal regions is needed to better understand the relationship between oceanographic changes and coastal ecosystems. Seawater radiocarbon is a unique proxy to understand the properties of water masses. However, the knowledge of the water mass distribution is limited to the low latitude regions as the only well-established proxy for it is reef-building corals. Alternative archives are required for high latitude regions. Here we measured Δ14C values of three abalone shells using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) and counted the shell growth checks which were made in the winter season. Abalone shells were obtained from Otsuchi Bay, where the cold Oyashio Current and the warm Kuroshio Current converge. The Oyashio Current has more depleted radiocarbon than the Kuroshio Current. We compared Δ14C values of abalone shells with the sea surface temperature anomaly in Sanriku region. Δ14C values of abalone shells range from 5.4 ‰ to 31‰ and indicated seasonal variations. Δ14C values decreased by about 5 ‰ in shell growth checks that indicates winter season.We found this decrease of Δ14C values of abalone shells are consistent with the significantly mixing of water brought by the Oyashio Current. Δ14C value of abalone shells clearly shows the Oyashio Current inflow in 2013, 2015 and 2017 and it can be used to reconstruct fluctuations between past water masses. In addition, the Δ14C values of abalone shells are possibly affected by their habitat. Abalone at 2 m to 6 m depth exhibited higher Δ14C values than those in abalone at 6 m to 10 m depth. This trend resulted from cold water from the Oyashio Current having a greater influence on deeper water. These radiocarbon records indicate past seawater conditions in northern Japan, where the Oyashio and Kuroshio currents converge, can be reconstructed using abalone shells.