2:30 PM - 2:45 PM
[BBC03-04] Inhibition of calcium silicate hydrate formation by lignosulfonate and lignin
Keywords:dredged soils, soil organic matter, C-S-H, construction materials
In this context, the effects of 1) lignosulfonate and 2) lignin that contain carboxylic, sulfonic and thiol functional groups that have similar structures to soil organic matter and 3) simple organic molecule with one of carboxylic, sulfonic and thiol functional groups on C-S-H formation were investigated in this study.
C-S-H was synthesized from Ca(OH)2 and amorphous silica in coexistence of multiple addition ratio of lignosulfonate and lignin to expecting amount of C-S-H formed, in 100 rpm shaker at 50℃ for 10 days. After the syntheses, C-S-H were characterized by X-ray diffraction and FT-IR analysis, and chemical composition of the remaining solutions were analyzed by ICP-AES and TOC analyzer. After syntheses, solution pH were all above 12. The threshold quantity of lignosulfonate and lignin was evaluated to suppress the formation of C-S-H. Above the threshold, XRD peaks assigned to Ca(OH)2 and amorphous silica could still be obtained after synthesis, without C-S-H peaks. Furthermore, below the threshold, the broad diffraction peak assigned to (001) reflection of C-S-H decreased with increasing the added amount of lignosulfonate and lignin. This suggests that lignosulfonate and lignin may suppress the dissolution of initial phases but also C-S-H crystal growth. Both of the indicated inhibition factors could occur due to the surface coverage by negatively charged functional groups in the organic matter under alkaline condition, which may be interacting with positively charged sites such as Ca(OH)2 surface and CaO layer in C-S-H. C-S-H synthesis with simple organic molecule with various functional groups were also conducted to further discuss how the difference in soil organic matter structure in terms of functional group can inhibit C-S-H formation.