Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

B (Biogeosciences ) » B-BC Biogeochemistry

[B-BC03] Interrelation between Life, Water, Mineral, and Atmosphere

Tue. May 28, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 201A (2F)

convener:Takeshi Kakegawa(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Tadashi Yokoyama(Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University), Keisuke Fukushi(Institute of Nature & Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University), Fumito Shiraishi(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University), Chairperson:Takeshi Kakegawa, Fumito Shiraishi(Hiroshima Univ.)

4:45 PM - 5:00 PM

[BBC03-12] Exploring planetary habitability beneath the oceans

★Invited Papers

*Fumio Inagaki1 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

Keywords:planetary habitability, subseafloor life, mantle drilling, deep biosphere, scientific ocean drilling

Since Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 201 in 2002 off Peru and eastern equatorial Pacific, numerous geochemists and microbiologists have participated in multiple expeditions of scientific ocean drilling to explore subseafloor life and the deep biosphere beneath the oceans. The discovery of diverse microbial life in marine sediments and oceanic crusts worldwide points to a notion that subseafloor microbial ecosystems may have uniquely co-evolved with Earth's dynamics and this inevitable interrelationship has shaped environemnts for more than 3 billion years. Expanding our knowledge of the comprehensive ocean-Earth-life system through scientific ocean drilling inspires new insights into the essence of "planetary habitability"—down to the Earth’s upper mantle, which with today’s drilling technology provides the deepest yet accessible limit. The deep ocean offers windows into thick piles of ocean sediment and the Earth’s interior that has vast potentials for the development of sustainable ocean-Earth-life system in the past but also into the future, yet there is still a large insufficiency in our knowledge of the habitability extent of our own planet. Such explorations towards deep frontiers will lead us to an understanding of how and why life emerged on our planet, as well as an estimation (prediction) of the possible trajectories of life on Earth, and finally, will provide hints as to whether life persists in the other celestial bodies, and which ones are the most likely to be habitable and even inhabited.