Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

B (Biogeosciences ) » B-CG Complex & General

[B-CG06] Earth and Planetary Science Frontiers for Life and Global Environment

Tue. May 28, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 201A (2F)

convener:Yoshinori Takano(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Yohey Suzuki(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Shingo Kato(RIKEN), Keisuke Fukushi(Institute of Nature & Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University), Chairperson:Yuki Morono(JAMSTEC), Masanori Kaneko(AIST/GSJ), Shingo Kato(RIKEN)

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[BCG06-03] Chemical speciation and solubility of heavy elements (lead, zinc, copper, arsenic and cadmium) in contaminated soil from Kamegai mine tailing, Toyama, Japan

*Baasansuren Gankhurel1, Keisuke Fukushi2, Akitoshi Akehi1, Yoshio Takahashi3, Kazuo Kawasaki4 (1.Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, 2.Instutute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University, 3.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, 4.Graduate School of Science and Engineering for Research, Toyama University)

Keywords:soil, heavy metals, speciation

Heavy metals such as lead, zinc, copper, arsenic and cadmium are usually found in surface soils affected by mining or smelting activities, agricultural practices and industrial areas [1,2,3]. Hara et al., [4] showed that some heavy metals including lead, arsenic and cadmium in soil surrounding the mine tailing area in Toyama Prefecture, Japan has largely exceeded the environmental standards. The total amount of trace metals in soils is generally not sufficient to assess environmental impacts of metal contamination. Therefore, chemical forms and binding types of metals enables evaluation of their behavior and bioavailability in the soil environment.The objectives of the present study were to understand the chemical speciation of As, Zn, Cu, Pb and Cd from Kamegai mine tailing area by means of sequential extraction procedure combined with synchrotron based XAFS and electron microscope.

Thirty-two soil samples were analyzed, determining the chemical fractionation of Pb, Cd, As, Zn and Cu using by the five-step sequential extraction (SEP), X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS), X- ray diffractometer (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy. The results of SEP showed that most of the Pb was associated with non-residual fractions, mainly in crystalline iron oxides (goethite). The Cd appeared mainly associated carbonate fraction in the roots of the dried plants in the soils. The XAFS spectra of the samples showed that Pb in the soil are adsorption forms with Fe-(hydr)oxides surface. Results of XAFS analysis showed Cd in the samples are CdCO3, coprecipitated with CaCO3. Zn, Cu and As appeared mainly associated with the amorphous and crystalline iron oxides. Heavy metals associated with carbonates, amorphous and crystalline iron oxides, thus being potentially more mobile to the environment if conditions were more acidic or reducing.

[1] Kaasalainen, M, and Markku Y. 2003. Environmental Pollution126(2): 225–33. [2] Nannoni et al. 2011. Geoderma161(1–2): 63–73. [3] Sterckeman et al. 2000. Environmental pollution107(3): 377–89. [4] Junko et al. 2014. 3(7): 193–96.