10:15 AM - 10:30 AM
[BCG06-06] Heme: The distribution and dynamics of a ubiquitous iron-tetrapyrrole molecule
Keywords:Heme, Iron cycle, Carbon and nitrogen isotopes, HPLC
Here, we established a new analytical method to quantify, isolate, and purify heme b, a major homolog of hemes, from various environmental samples. Detection of picomole levels of heme b is achieved with a photodiode-array detector connected to HPLC, which covers the heme b concentration range in particulate (> 0.7 µm; 0.15 nmol L−1) and dissolved organic matter (> 3000 Da; ~0.006 nmol L−1) in the coastal seawater of Tokyo Bay, as well as that in the surface sediments of the Japan Sea (~0.03 µg g−1 dry weight). Importantly, concentration of heme b in the dissolved phase was contrastingly low with respect to that in the particulate phase of the coastal seawater, which imply that hemes may constitute a major fraction of the regenerated iron in the ocean. The δ13C and δ15N values of heme b isolated and purified from various environmental samples are determined with our modified EA/IRMS (Ogawa et al., 2010). These isotopic values will be compared with those of chlorophylls and amino acids, which will reveal the sources of hemes in natural environments and the isotopic fractionation associated with their biosynthesis. Our new analytical approach will provide first detailed insights into the ubiquitous iron-tetrapyrrole molecule playing an essential role in biogeochemical cycle.