Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

B (Biogeosciences ) » B-CG Complex & General

[B-CG06] Earth and Planetary Science Frontiers for Life and Global Environment

Tue. May 28, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yoshinori Takano(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Yohey Suzuki(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Shingo Kato(RIKEN), Keisuke Fukushi(Institute of Nature & Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University)

[BCG06-P03] Reconstruction of key ecological responses leading to the most recent dead zone formations in Japan Sea through ancient DNA metabarcodring

*Mariko Kouduka1, Yohey Suzuki1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.)

Keywords:global warming paleo-analogue, hypoxemia expansion, molecular paleoecologcail dynamics, biogeochemical cycling

Semi-closed ocean basins are very sensitive to climate changes as recorded in frequent formations of sediments with clearly laminated layers, which was caused by the lack of O2 available to benthic organisms. This is so-called “dead zone formation” and caused by water stagnation after channel closure and/or nutrient inflow through upwelling and channel opening. In contrast to the hydrologic causes, it remains poorly understood about organismal causes such as enhanced primary production and heterotrophic consumption of O2. We investigated ancient eukaryotic DNA obtained from a thinly laminated layer deposited in the Japan Sea across the most recent global warming event after Younger Dryas (TL-1). Metabarcoding of 18S rRNA gene sequences clarified that across the transition from oxygenated to anoxic bottom water conditions, dominant protist populations shifted through five stages:

Stage1: Under oxygenated bottom conditions, the most dominant taxonomic group was Marine Stramenopiles Group 9 (MAST-9). MAST-9 encompasses diverse uncharacterized planktonic species, 18S rRNA gene sequences of which were detected from both anoxic and oxic water bodies in Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, Mediterranean Sea and South China Sea.

Stage 2: Before the onset of dead zone formation, the sharp decline of MAST-9 was accompanied with the expansion of marine diatom species of the genus Skeletonema, many members of which are known to be a cause of red tide around the world.

Stage 3: The dead zone formation was synchronized with the expansion of marine radiolarians of the order Chaunacanthida, the members of which are encrusted within SrSO4.

Stage 4: Stages 2 was repeated, whereas the expansion of the Chaunacanthida radiolarians was not evident.

Stage 5: The uncharacterized MAST-9 that was dominant before the dead zone formation was gradually recovered towards oxygenated bottom conditions.

From these results, it is suspected that the expansion of Radiolaria species encrusted with SrSO4 triggered dead zone formation by the accelerated downward transport of dead cells and subsequent heterotrophic consumption of O2. From bioturbated sediment samples from a maximum depth of 31 mbsf with a depositional age of 100 ka, the Chaunacanthida sequences closely related to that from the laminated sediments have been previously detected.It is therefore suggested the record of the Chaunacanthida species can be reconstructed from sediments with great depth and age.