9:30 AM - 9:45 AM
[BCG07-03] The redox condition of late Paleoproterozoic shallow marine environment: The Cape Smith Belt, Canada
Keywords:Late Paleoproterozoic, Redox condition
In this study, we reconstructed 50 m lithostratigraphy and chemostratigraphy including major and trace element compositions and C-N-S isotopes (δ13Corg, δ15N, δ34S) in order to clarify the sedimentary environment and the trigger of its change.
A part of the drilled hole from the Northern Povungnituk Group, Cape Smith belt of Canada is used for geochemical analyses. The sequence consists of the alteration of sandstone and black shale deposited at northern margin of the Superior province at ~1.9 Ga. Two lithological units, lower and upper units, are identified based on sedimentary sequence. The lower unit is characterized by the transition from coarse sandstone dominant to black shale dominant sequence, while, the upper is fine sandstone dominant sequence.
Vanadium concentrations normalized by total organic carbon (TOC) shows clear evidence for the transition of the redox condition. Although V/TOC at the bottom of the sequence (<~50 ppm/%) is lower than that of black shale from the Bravo Lake Formation of Buffin island in which a previous work cleared the black shale deposited under euxinic condition (H2S-rich), the value increased and reaches the mean of the black shale (~105ppm/%) from the Formation at lower coarse sandstone dominant portion. These increase of V/TOC suggests ocean redox conditions changed from anoxic (weak-reducing) to euxinic (strongly-reducing). This inference is consistent with redox-sensitive element behavior confirmed from the correlation between the V concentration and TOC.
δ15N of the sequences (~+7 – +9 ‰) are comparable with that of the modern ocean and that indicates nitrification, denitrification and NH3assimilation keep δ15N of dissolved N species high. δ13Corgand δ34S change at the same interval (δ13Corg: -30.6 – -33.2 ‰, δ34S: +11.9 – -4.1 ‰) and that suggests some trigger which affects δ13Corgand δ34S caused development of strongly-reducing condition. δ13Corgand δ34S transition are likely to represent input of isotopically light HCO3-and SO42-. The activity of large igneous provinces and oxidative weathering of black shale which relates regression suggested by the change of lithofacies are plausible for these isotope change.