Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

B (Biogeosciences ) » B-CG Complex & General

[B-CG07] Decoding the history of Earth: From Hadean to the present

Wed. May 29, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 201A (2F)

convener:Tsuyoshi Komiya(Department of Earth Science & Astronomy Graduate School of Arts and Sciences The University of Tokyo), Yasuhiro Kato(Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Satoshi Yoshida(Department of Earth Science & Astronomy, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[BCG07-09] Application of acid-washing to trace element and tungsten isotope analyses of Eoarchean rocks from the Isua Supracrustal Belt

★Invited Papers

*Hatsuki Enomoto1, Tsuyoshi Iizuka1, Yoshitaka Homma1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Hf–W, Isua, acid-washing, early Earth

The short-lived 182Hf–182W decay system has been widely used to understand early Earth chemical evolution. Recently, 182W anomalies have been found from many Archean terranes (e.g., Willbold et al., 2011; Touboul et al., 2012). These W isotope variations should be produced by the chemical fractionation of Hf/W on the Earth while 182Hf was extant, or contribution of extraterrestrial materials having different W isotope compositions after core formation. While the W isotopic anomalies potentially provide valuable insights into processes on the early Earth, the exact cause of the isotopic anomalies is not yet clearly understood. As the possible causes, early silicate differentiation, early metal-silicate equilibrium at various conditions, and late veneer have been proposed, but these hypotheses respectively are inconsistent with the lack of correlations with Nd, Os isotopic data, and highly siderophile elements abundances (e.g., Rizo et al., 2016b; Puchtel et al., 2018; Touboul et al., 2012). Alternatively, the apparent lack of the correlations may be attributed to secondary disturbance in the W isotope compositions of the Archean rocks, given that W is highly fluid-mobile during metasomatism (e.g., Bali et al., 2012).

In this study, we applied an acid-washing method to Eoarchean metamorphosed rocks from the Isua Supracrustal Belt, with the aims to evaluate the possible effect of metasomatism on the W isotope systems, and to obtain their original W isotope compositions. We measured trace element compositions and W isotope ratios of acid-washes and residues of the metamorphosed basalts using ICP–MS.

The acid-washes show enrichments in light REE, whereas the residues exhibit enrichments in heavy REE. This suggests that acid-washing selectively removed a secondary component gained during metasomatism, given that light REE are relatively fluid-mobile as compared to heavy REE. Negative 182W anomalies were found in the washes showing light REE enrichments. By contrast, non-resolvable 182W anomaly was obtained for the residues displaying heavy REE enrichments. These findings suggest that the Isua metamorphosed basalts have a W isotope heterogeneity even in a single rock sample. Moreover, our results imply that the W isotope compositions of Isua supracrustal rocks could have been modified secondarily as a result of metasomatism. This can account for the lack of correlation between W isotopic data and other geochemical or isotopic data.