Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

B (Biogeosciences ) » B-CG Complex & General

[B-CG07] Decoding the history of Earth: From Hadean to the present

Wed. May 29, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tsuyoshi Komiya(Department of Earth Science & Astronomy Graduate School of Arts and Sciences The University of Tokyo), Yasuhiro Kato(Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

[BCG07-P03] Origin of chromitites in the Akulleq terrane, southern West Greenland

*Kanta Takahashi1, Tomoaki Morishita1, Juan Miguel Ramirez Guotana1, Kenichiro Tani2, Yumiko Harigane3, Ikuya Nishio1, Kristoffer Szilas4, Akihiro Tamura1 (1.Kanazawa University, 2.Department of Geology and Paleontology, National Museum of Nature and Science, 3.Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 4.University of Copenhagen)

Keywords:southern West Greenland, chromitite, metasomatism

The studies dealing with the Hadean-Archaean geologic samples are recently expanding. Research on Hadean-Archaean terranes is an important part in reconstructing the geologic past of the Earth which is thought to have differences from the present conditions. Southern West Greenland preserves a wide exposure of ancient geologic materials and structures. This study focuses on chromitites and peridotites from the Ujaragssuit nunãt area in southern West Greenland. The Ujaragssuit nunãt area is about 20 km south from the 3.8 Ga Isua Supracrustal Belt (Moorbath et al., 1977). In Ujaragssuit nunãt, ultramafic rocks occur as lenses of several meters to several hundred meters hosted in silicic gneiss (Chadwick and Crewe, 1986). It is important to understand the origin and processes related to the formation of the peridotites and chromitites in Ujaragssuit nunãt as a contribution to the Archaean magmatic processes and tectonics of the early Earth.

Chromitites are rocks with significant amount of chromites (>20 vol.%) (Arai and Miura, 2016). The unaltered composition of spinel is regarded as a useful petrological indicator (Irvine, 1967). However, chromite composition could be modified as a result of chemical re-equilibration, metamorphism, hydrothermal alteration. The impacts of these processes are evaluated in this study. In Ujaragssuit nunãt, chromitites, dunites and amphibole harzburgites are widely exposed. In some areas, the chromitites occur as layers with thickness ranging from several centimeters to a meter. Massive chromitites (2 m thick) are also exposed. The lithologies present in the area were also described in detail in previous works such as of Rollinson et al. (2002).

Chromites are subhedral and account for about 50-70% of the Ujaragssuit nunãt chromitites. Interstitial grains are mainly phlogopite and minor chlorite and talc. The dunite host consists mainly of olivine (∼80%) and accessory spinel and phlogopite. Some spinel grains in the host dunite exhibit zonation as evidenced by darker cores and lighter rims under reflected light microscope and scanning electron microscope observations. The zonation observed is associated with compositional variation from core to rim (Fe enrichment towards the rim). The amphibole harzburgites are mainly composed of amphibole, orthopyroxene, spinel, phlogopite. Orthopyroxenes occur both around olivine and in some parts as inclusions inside olivine grains. Talc replacement of orthopyroxenes is also common. Spinel are surrounded by phlogopite and edenitic amphibole.

Spinel in the host peridotites has a higher Fe3+content. The spinel Fe3+ content is higher in samples with higher phlogopite and spinel ratio. This suggests that phlogopite was formed by the reaction of spinel (+olivine) with an alkaline element-rich fluid. Spinel serves as a source of the Al2O3 in the phlogopite formation. It is considered that the chemical composition change of spinel is caused by the formation of phlogopite. Furthermore, phlogopite in the sample containing amphiboles has lower K/(K+Na) ratio than samples without amphibole. Amphiboles are also found around the spinel. The K/(K+Na) ratio in the fluid decreases as the alkaline element-rich fluid forms phlogopite and amphibole was formed by the reaction between this differentiated fluid and spinel (+olivine). The abundance of orthopyroxene is higher in the sample containing amphiboles. The Cr2O3- and Al2O3- poor characteristic of the orthopyroxenes suggests a secondary origin. The differentiated fluid is also abundant in silica component and reacts with olivine to react to form the secondary orthopyroxenes. Although the possibility of crystal differentiation cannot be completely ruled out, it is thought that these peridotites were originally dunites and chromitites and the chemical composition was modified by alkali alteration.