Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

B (Biogeosciences ) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT04] Biomineralization and the Geochemistry of Proxies

Sun. May 26, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Takashi Toyofuku(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Hiroshi Kitazato(Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology (TUMSAT)), Jelle Bijma(Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum f?r Polar- und Meeresforschung), Kotaro Hirose(Faculty of Science & Engineering, Waseda University)

[BPT04-P06] Estimation of the calcification rate of foraminifera -exceptionally fast extending of the shell-

*Yukiko Nagai1,2, Katsuyuki Uematsu3, Takashi Toyofuku2,4 (1.National Museum of Nature and Science of Tokyo, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.Marine Works Japan Enterprise, 4.Tokyo university of Marine Science and Technology)

Keywords:Calcification, foraminifera, FIB-SEM

The process of biomineralization of foraminiferal test is essential for its characteristic morphogenesis and the composition of element and isotope to be taken in is used also as paleo environmental proxy, numerous studies have been approched to reveal the mechanism of shell formation. However, how fast the foraminifera calicification and how much calcium carbonate deposits depends on the species, which is not well understood in most species.
The foraminifera Spirillina vivipara does not form a chamber, but elongate a tubular test spirally with their cytoplasmic growth. Spirillina vivipara is also known to be rapidly changing generations that can be reproduced in a several days after division of mother cells (Myers, 1936). From our current observations, it was also found that the shell formation is repeatedly carried out in the day, and the elongation rate of the shell is very fast. Therefore, in this study, Spirillina vivipara was used to estimate calcification rate.
In this presentation, we report on the fastest shell extending rate in foraminifera.