[BPT04-P08] Toward a better understanding of planktic foraminiferal proxies: Are they photosymbiotic or not?
Keywords:planktic foraminifers, photosymbiosis
In this study, we investigated 30 species of modern planktic foraminifers covering four families; Globigerinidae, Hastigerinidae, Globorotaliidae, and Candeinidae, using active chlorophyll fluorometry (fast repetition rate fluorometry; FRRF). FRRF performs non-destructive and non-invasive measurements of algal physiology based on real-time variable fluorescence profiles. When it is applied to symbiotic consortia of planktic foraminifers, it enables us to quantify chlorophyll content of a specimen, and to qualify of photophysiological features that are useful diagnostics of symbiont photosynthetic fitness. It can provide us with convincing information on individual-based photosymbiosis.
Specimens were collected from various oceanic settings; from tropical to subpolar region, encompassing Pacific to Atlantic. We have sampled across much of the northern hemisphere tropical-subtropical gradient to get the endemic species and to replicate for the others. The detection rate of photosymbiosis in each species, the biomass of symbionts (indicated by chlorophyll content), and the state of symbionts (indicated by photophysiological parameters) were investigated. Using principal component analysis, species were ranked by their “strength” of photosymbiosis. This thorough investigation will provide a more systematic understanding of photosymbiosis in modern planktic foraminifers and will help us to choose which species to use to reconstruct paleoenvironment.