[BPT05-P04] Cretaceous and Miocene geology and paleontology of the Tounai River region, Biratori, Hokkaido
Keywords:Yezo Group, Ammonoid, Inoceramus, Radiolaria
The Cretaceous Yezo Group in this area is subdivided into the Kashima and Hakobuchi Formations in ascending order and is cut by some faults. The Kashima Formation comprises fairly monotonous, hemipelagic mudstone intercalating with many acidic tuff beds. The Hakobuchi Formation is composed mainly of sandstone, conglomerate and sandy mudstone. Cross-bedded sandstone and minor coal beds suggest shallow-marine depositional environments for the Hakobuchi Formation. As a result, it has been recognized that the Kashima Formation distributes in the western part of the studied area and probably extends north to the neighboring region where the distribution of the Kashima Formation was discovered in 2015 by Negishi and coworkers. It is previously estimated that the Kashima Formation forms an anticlinal structure in the northern part of the Tounai River area. However, our investigation about facies and structures of tuff beds does not support such fold structure.
Fossils occurred throughout the Cretaceous sequence concerned here. Molluscan fossils, including Inoceramus amakusensis, Inoceramus japonicus and Eupachydiscus haradai, collected from the Kashima Formation of the studied section indicate ages of Santonian to Campanian. Radiolarian assemblages include Amphipyndax stocki, Lithocampe manifesta and Spongotripus morenoensis, suggesting ages of Coniacian to Maastrichtian for the Kashima Formation.
Miocene rocks distribute in the western margin of the studied area and are bounded from the Cretaceous rocks by a fault. The Miocene rocks subdivided into the Takinoue and Kawabata Formations in ascending order. The Takinoue Formation consists of mudstone and sandstone. Strata of the Kawabata Formation are dominated by interbedded mudstone and sandstone representing turbidite facies of deep-sea fans. In the studied area, the lower part of the Kawabata Formation crops out. Radiolarians were almost absent from the samples collected from these Miocene formations.