[AAS04-P30] Continuous measurements of atmospheric CO2 and its δ13C and δ18O at Minamitorishima Island
Keywords:Carbon dioxide, Stable isotopic ratio, Minamitorishima Island, Continuous measurement
Sample air is drawn from an air intake mounted on a tower at 20-m height above the ground surface, and introduced into a continuous isotope analyzer (Model CCIA-48, Los Gatos Research) after removing water vapor and aerosol particles. The analyzer is calibrated hourly for the concentrations of each CO2 isotopologue, using 3 air-based CO2 standard gases with isotopic ratios of industrial CO2 and different total CO2 concentrations. The isotopic ratios of these standards were determined by a mass spectrometer, and the concentrations of each CO2 isotopologue of the standards were obtained from the isotopic ratios. The total CO2 concentration and its δ13C and δ18O of sample air are calculated from the measured concentrations of each isotopologue.
The obtained CO2 isotopic data are scattered, and the precisions of the δ13C and δ18O values measured by this analyzer estimated from hourly measurements of a target gas, which is dried natural air compressed into a 48-L gas cylinder, are about 10 times and 5 times worse than those achieved by our mass spectrometer, respectively. However, the daily mean values of atmospheric δ13C and δ18O show day-to-day variations in concert with those of the total CO2 concentration and prominent seasonal variations. The daily mean δ13C and δ18O show systematic difference from the isotopic values obtained from flask sampling on the same day. However, since the differences are almost constant, the nature of the variations are very similar in both cases.
In this presentation, results of the preliminary analyses of the daily mean CO2, δ13C and δ18O data obtained from the continuous measurement will be presented. From comparison with the flask sampling results, the effectiveness of the continuous measurement will also be discussed.
We would like to thank A. Kudo and C. Abe for their technical support for our measurements. This research was supported by a grant for the Global Environmental Research Coordination System from the Ministry of the Environment, Japan.