Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS04] Atmospheric Chemistry

Thu. May 30, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tomoki Nakayama(Graduate School of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Nagasaki University), Yoko Iwamoto(Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University), Sakae Toyoda(Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Nawo Eguchi(Kyushu University)

[AAS04-P30] Continuous measurements of atmospheric CO2 and its δ13C and δ18O at Minamitorishima Island

*Shohei Murayama1, Kazuhiro Tsuboi2, Shigeyuki Ishidoya1, Hidekazu Matsueda2, Yosuke Niwa3, Yousuke Sawa2, Kentaro Ishijima2, Kentaro Kozumi4, Genta Umezawa4, Kazuya Yukita4, Shigeharu Nishida4, Megumi Yamamoto4, Tetsuyuki Usami1, Shinji Morimoto5 (1.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 2.Meteorological Research Institute, 3.National Institute for Environmental Studies, 4.Japan Meteorological Agency, 5.Tohoku University)

Keywords:Carbon dioxide, Stable isotopic ratio, Minamitorishima Island, Continuous measurement

The Minamitorishima (MNM; 24°17’N, 153°59’E) station is uniquely located to monitor background air at northern mid latitudes; the site is located on a remote coral island in the western North Pacific, about 1,950 km southeast of Tokyo. The Japan Meteorological Agency has been making long-term continuous observations of atmospheric concentrations of major greenhouse gases at MNM. For a better understanding of mechanisms governing the observed CO2 variation, systematic measurements of atmospheric CO2 and its δ13C and δ18O have been carried out at MNM by analyzing discrete flask air samples taken at the site since 2011. The existing measurement program was enhanced by initiating continuous measurements of CO2 and its δ13C and δ18O using a laser spectroscopy (Off-Axis Integrated-Cavity Output Spectroscopy) in March 2018.

Sample air is drawn from an air intake mounted on a tower at 20-m height above the ground surface, and introduced into a continuous isotope analyzer (Model CCIA-48, Los Gatos Research) after removing water vapor and aerosol particles. The analyzer is calibrated hourly for the concentrations of each CO2 isotopologue, using 3 air-based CO2 standard gases with isotopic ratios of industrial CO2 and different total CO2 concentrations. The isotopic ratios of these standards were determined by a mass spectrometer, and the concentrations of each CO2 isotopologue of the standards were obtained from the isotopic ratios. The total CO2 concentration and its δ13C and δ18O of sample air are calculated from the measured concentrations of each isotopologue.

The obtained CO2 isotopic data are scattered, and the precisions of the δ13C and δ18O values measured by this analyzer estimated from hourly measurements of a target gas, which is dried natural air compressed into a 48-L gas cylinder, are about 10 times and 5 times worse than those achieved by our mass spectrometer, respectively. However, the daily mean values of atmospheric δ13C and δ18O show day-to-day variations in concert with those of the total CO2 concentration and prominent seasonal variations. The daily mean δ13C and δ18O show systematic difference from the isotopic values obtained from flask sampling on the same day. However, since the differences are almost constant, the nature of the variations are very similar in both cases.

In this presentation, results of the preliminary analyses of the daily mean CO2, δ13C and δ18O data obtained from the continuous measurement will be presented. From comparison with the flask sampling results, the effectiveness of the continuous measurement will also be discussed.


We would like to thank A. Kudo and C. Abe for their technical support for our measurements. This research was supported by a grant for the Global Environmental Research Coordination System from the Ministry of the Environment, Japan.