Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS04] Atmospheric Chemistry

Thu. May 30, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Tomoki Nakayama(Graduate School of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Nagasaki University), Yoko Iwamoto(Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University), Sakae Toyoda(Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Nawo Eguchi(Kyushu University)

[AAS04-P31] Variations of atmospheric Radon-222 concentration observed at JMA stations

*Kentaro Ishijima1, Kazuhiro Tsuboi1, Hidekazu Matsueda1, Yousuke Sawa1, Yosuke Niwa2,1, Takashi Maki1, Takashi Nakamura3 (1.Meteorological Research Institute, 2.National Institute for Environmental Studies, 3.Japan Meteorological Agency)

Keywords:radon, GSAM-TM

Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) has been operating several stations to monitor atmospheric greenhouse gases since the late 1980s under the Global Atmosphere Watch programme of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO/GAW). They show synoptic, seasonal, interannual variations, and trends due to changes in atmospheric transport and source/sink strength. To know their transport from land regions, we started the monitoring of atmospheric Radon-222 (222Rn) in the 2000s at the JMA stations. Because 222Rn is emitted from almost only lands and chemically inert, it is useful to identify temporal variability of atmospheric greenhouse gases due to sources/sinks on land. 222Rn also radioactively decays with the half-life of 3.8 days, so is widely utilized to validate regional transport of atmospheric transport model through the model-observation comparisons. Understanding such transport process is also supported by using an atmospheric transport model. We have just started to use a newly developed on-line atmospheric tracer transport model (GSAM-TM). The tracer transport process is driven by a low-resolution version (TL95) of JMA's operational global numerical weather prediction model (GSAM).
In this study, we analyze the observed and model simulated atmospheric 222Rn concentration, to understand the transport process of land-origin atmospheric tracer as well as to validate the GSAM-TM. For example, the model well reproduces high 222Rn peaks, which are frequently observed at Minamitorishima (MNM; 24.28°N, 153.98°E) and Chichijima (CCJ; 27.09°N, 142.19°E) in winter to spring. Especially in winter, there are many cases that a high peak is first observed at CCJ and one day after at MNM. They are mainly produced by a cold front moving eastward with dense 222Rn behind the frontal line. The peak height at MNM is about two-thirds of that at CCJ. It is slightly smaller than that expected from decay by the 3.8 days half-life (about four-fifths), because dense 222Rn trapped by the front is diluted mainly by diffusion while transported. The model also well reproduces such peak attenuation degree. More details and results of 222Rn-age tracer simulations as well as of other JMA station will also be discussed in our presentation.

Acknowledgements. We sincerely thank all members of the JMA for operating 222Rn measurement systems at JMA monitoring stations