[ACG32-P05] Monitoring and Evaluating CO2 Flux in the Grassland Areas of Mongolia
Keywords:Carbon flux, Grassland ecosystem, The Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT)
To compare the GOSAT L4B data with the ground observation at both sites, we extracted the monthly mean value of CO2 absorption/emission from the grid data of GOSAT during 2009-2015 and compared with the observed data. We found that although the seasonal changing pattern and fluctuation range are similar, the CO2 emission derived by GOSAT were larger than absorption, which suggested that the steppe ecosystems at both sites are the carbon sources. However, the ground observations showed that the CO2 absorption at both sites was larger than emission, which suggested that the grassland ecosystems at both sites are carbon sinks (Figure 2). It is essential for us to find the reasons of this difference in the future.
Finally, to evaluate the spatiotemporal distribution of carbon absorption and emission in the whole country, we have developed a carbon budget model considering the influence of grazing density. The primary simulation results showed that the percentage of carbon loss by grazing (CLG) accounted for 19-38% of the net ecosystem production (NEP) in the Nalaikh area around the city of Ulaanbaatar, where the grazing density was 1.5-2.3 sheep/ha during 2012-2016. On the other hand, CLG accounted for only 7-20% of NEP in the Hustai area away from the city, where the grazing density was only 0.4-0.6 sheep/ha (Figure 3). The result implied that the carbon budget was greatly influenced by animal husbandry near cities, where the grazing density is large. The monitoring cameras installed at both sites show that the biomass inside and outside the fence was greatly influenced by the ingestion of livestock.
This study was funded by “the Project to implement MRV and related technological improvements contributing to the Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) in Mongolia”, Ministry of the Environment, Japan.