Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG34] Satellite Earth Environment Observation

Thu. May 30, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Riko Oki(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Yoshiaki HONDA(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Yukari Takayabu(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Tsuneo Matsunaga(Center for Global Environmental Research and Satellite Observation Center, National Institute for Environmental Studies)

[ACG34-P17] A Relationship between Diurnal Change Patterns of Land Surface Temperature and Spatial Configuration of the Osaka Metropolitan Area Captured by Himawari-8

*Yuhei Yamamoto1, Hirohiko Ishikawa1 (1.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University )

Keywords:Land Surface Temperature, Himawari-8, Urban Heat Island

Land surface temperature (LST) is a physical quantity that greatly contributes to the formation of an urban thermal environment. Therefore, understanding the spatiotemporal characteristics of LST is necessary for constructing a sustainable urban environment. The spatial distribution relationship between the instantaneous LST and urban land use has been investigated using polar-orbiting satellite/airborne sensors. This study explored how the urban spatial configuration and meteorological field affect the temporal changes of LST by using Japanese geostationary satellite (Himawari-8) sensor.
The study area is the Osaka metropolitan area in Japan and target days are three days that were clear-sky throughout the day in summer (August 12, 2016, July 19, 2018, and August 4, 2018). We used 100 m-mesh urban land use data and ground-based meteorological observation data to examine the urban spatial configuration and meteorological fields, respectively. The temporal changes of LST are the amplitude and phase mainly forming the diurnal change of LST. These two temporal changes were extracted by applying principal component analysis to the diurnal changes of LST represented by the 10-minute LST dataset retrieved from Himawari-8 data.
Our results showed that the spatial variations in the amplitude and phase corresponded to the penetration time and duration of the sea breeze and the thermal inertia of surface materials. Besides, it was found that the LST change during daytime was larger in the high-density low-building areas than in the low-density low-building areas. This result suggests that the increase in building density increases the LST change during the daytime. These findings lead to a deeper understanding of an urban hot environment and are helpful for urban planning to mitigate the deterioration of a hot environment.