Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG37] Science in the Arctic Region

Thu. May 30, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:NAOYA KANNA(Arctic Research Center, Hokkaido University), Masashi Niwano(Meteorological Research Institute), Tetsu Nakamura(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Shunsuke Tei(Arctic Research Center, Hokkaido University)

[ACG37-P04] Detection of a climatological short break in the polar night jet in early winter and its relation to cooling over Siberia

*Yuta Ando1, Koji Yamazaki2, Yoshihiro Tachibana1, Masayo Ogi3, Jinro Ukita4 (1.Graduate School of Bioresources, Mie University, 2.Hokkaido University, 3.Centre for Earth Observation Science, University of Manitoba, 4.Faculty of Science, Niigata University)

Keywords:Stratosphere, Rossby wave, Land–sea heating contrast, Seasonal evolution

The polar night jet (PNJ) is a strong stratospheric westerly circumpolar wind in winter, and the strength of the climatological PNJ is widely recognized to increase from October through late December. We found the PNJ stops increasing temporarily during late November, when the upward propagation of Rossby waves from the troposphere increases. The upward propagation of Rossby waves, which is strongest over Siberia, is related to strengthening of the low pressure over Siberia. We suggest that longitudinally asymmetric forcing by land–sea heating contrasts caused by their different heat capacities might cause the strengthening of the low pressure.