Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG38] Multi-scale ocean-atmosphere interaction in the tropical Indo-Pacific region

Tue. May 28, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Ayako Seiki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Tomoki Tozuka(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Motoki Nagura(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Youichi Kamae(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba)

[ACG38-P06] Contribution of oceanic wave propagation from the tropical Pacific to asymmetry of the Ningaloo Nino/Nina

*Hidehiro Kusunoki1, Shoichiro Kido1, Tomoki Tozuka1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Ningaloo Nino, Regional ocean modeling system, El Nino/Southern Oscillation, coastal Kelvin wave

Ningaloo Nino (Nina) is a climate mode associated with anomalously warm (cool) sea surface temperature (SST) off the Western Australian coast. Considering its large impacts on the local marine ecosystem and precipitation, better understanding of its mechanism and predictability is desirable. Existing studies suggest that both local air-sea interaction and remote forcing contribute to generation and amplification of the Ningaloo Nino/Nina. The latter forcing includes the atmospheric teleconnection and oceanic wave propagation through the Indonesian archipelago, mainly associated with the El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO). One of the important characteristics of Ningaloo Nino/Nina is its asymmetry; the Ningaloo Nino is stronger than the Ningaloo Nina. This suggests the presence of some asymmetry in these processes. However, no studies to date focused on this topic.

Using a regional ocean modeling system (ROMS), the contribution of oceanic wave propagation to the amplitude and asymmetry of SST anomalies associated with the Ningaloo Nino/Nina is investigated. For these purposes, a sensitivity experiment in which oceanic lateral boundary conditions are replaced by the monthly climatology is conducted. The results suggest that downwelling (upwelling) Kelvin waves from the western tropical Pacific associated with La Nina (El Nino) that often co-occur with Ningaloo Nino (Nina) are stronger (weaker) and contribute to the asymmetry.