Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW23] Hydrology & Water Environment

Wed. May 29, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Isao Machida(Geological Survey of Japan), Dai Yamazaki(Institute of Industrial Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Takeshi Hayashi(Faculty of Education and Human Studies, Akita University), Keisuke Fukushi(Institute of Nature & Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University)

[AHW23-P09] Quantifying stemflow to better express its ecohydrological significance

*Shin'ichi Iida1, Darryl E. Carlye-Moses2, Sonja Germer3, Pilar Llorens4, Beate Michalzik5, Kazuki Nanko1, Alexander Tischer5, Delphis F. Levia6 (1.Department of Disaster Prevention, Meteorology and Hydrology, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 2.Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada, 3.Department of Bioengineering, Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering and Bioeconomy, Potsdam, Germany, 4.Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain, 5.Soil Science, Institute of Geography, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jena, Germany, 6.Department of Geography and Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA)

Keywords:Stemflow, Funneling ratio, Forest hydrology

Stemflow is the flow of rainwater over the exterior of a tree stem to its base. Due to water balance calculations to obtain interception loss of forest stands, and the sometimes low percentage of stemflow as a function of rainfall, some literature ignores the ecohydrological significance of stemflow. However, stemflow is much more concentrated than throughfall per unit area. In recognition of the extreme amounts of water input to the small area around tree trunks, we advocate for two metrics to better express stemflow in relation to its ecohydrological importance: namely, the stand-scale funneling ratio and the stand-scale infiltration funneling ratio. We calculated these metrics based on measurements carried out in a tropical dry deciduous forest and a subpolar juvenile coniferous stand, and found that these are significantly larger than throughfall on both sites. The data cited from recent papers (n=34) showed that very small stand-scale amount of stemflow (approximately 0.5% on average) were necessary to make the stand-scale funneling ratio to be equal or more than unity. Moreover, the infiltration area of stemflow is generally < 0.2 m2 due to the high infiltration capacity of top soil of forests, generally resulting in the stand-scale infiltration funneling ratio substantially greater than unity. Thus, stemflow is more effective for soil water recharge than throughfall. We recommend use of these metrics to better express ecohydrological importance of stemflow.

This presentation is based on the published paper as follows:
Carlye-Moses, D.E., Iida, S., Germer, S., Llorens, P., Michalzik, B., Nanko, K., Tischer, A., Levia, D.F. (2018): Expressing stemflow commensurate with its ecohydrological importance. Advances in Water Resources, 121, 472-479. Free open access article to: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2018.08.015