[AHW24-P04] Cross-sectional distribution in water chemistry and oxygen and hydrogen isotopic ratios in Fuku River, Saitama, Japan
Keywords:River water, River cross section, Water chemistry, Oxygen and hydrogen isotope, Cross-sectional distribution, Dissolved load
In this context, we carried out a field survey in December 2018 to elucidate a detailed concentration distribution of water chemistry (dissolved major ions and heavy metals) and isotopes (dD and d18O) for the river cross section 7.7 m wide and ca. 0.5 m deep in Fuku River, Saitama, Japan. As a result, the difference in concentration over the whole cross section of the river was found to be 7.2 % or less for each of the dissolved major ions, whereas as much as 95 % for the dissolved heavy metals. For dD and d18O isotopes, there were differences in those ratios of some ‰ and ca. 0.3‰, respectively. It should therefore be noted that considerable over- or underestimation in the dissolved load of substances is likely to happen when estimation is made by a conventional way in which the concentration of substances over the whole cross section is represented by a single surface water sample at the center of flow. This is particularly pronounced for the dissolved heavy metals. When evaluating the dissolved loads in rivers, it is therefore necessary to pay much more attention on where to sample water in a river cross section as well as how to measure the river flow rate accurately.