Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS09] Ocean Mixing Processes: Impact on Biogeochemistry, Climate and Ecosystem

Sun. May 26, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Ichiro Yasuda(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Toshiyuki Hibiya(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Jun Nishioka(Hokkaido University, Institute of low temperature sciences), Shin-ichi Ito(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

[AOS09-P14] Enhanced nutrient supply and biogeochemical impacts induced by internal waves in the oligotrophic northern South China Sea

*Chin-chang Hung1, Dewang Li2, Wen-Chen Chou3, Yung-Yen Shih1,4, Guan-Yu Chen1 (1.Department of Oceanography, National Sun Yat Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 2.Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou, PRC, 3.Institute of Marine Environmental Chemistry and Ecology, National Taiwan Ocean University, Taiwan, 4.Department of Applied Science, R.O.C Naval Academy, Kaohsiung, Taiwan)

Keywords:internal waves, ocean mixing, South China Sea, nutrient dynamics

To understand nutrient supply and the biogeochemical response induced by internal waves in the deep basin of the northern South China Sea (NSCS), nitrate, chlorophyll a (Chl a), particulate organic carbon (POC) fluxes were measured during the passage of large internal waves using drifting sediment traps attached with hydrographic sensors. Results revealed large variations in temperature, nitrate and chlorophyll a (Chl a) concentrations during and after internal waves, suggesting that cold nutrient-replete waters may be brought to the euphotic zone in the dissipation zone during and after the passage of internal wave packets, resulted in phytoplankton flourished in oligotrophic water. The result reveals that ocean mixing triggered by internal waves in warm water of the NSCS may be important for phytoplankton species composition. Most importantly, POC fluxes (110.9±10.7 mg C m−2 d1) were significantly enhanced after internal waves compared to non-internal wave area (32.6–73.0 mg C m−2 d1) in the NSCS. Such elevated POC fluxes may be induced by downward flourished biogenic particles, particle aggregation or converged particles from mixed layer triggered by internal waves.