Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS09] Ocean Mixing Processes: Impact on Biogeochemistry, Climate and Ecosystem

Sun. May 26, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Ichiro Yasuda(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Toshiyuki Hibiya(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Jun Nishioka(Hokkaido University, Institute of low temperature sciences), Shin-ichi Ito(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

[AOS09-P16] From the Luzon Strait to the Tsushima Strait: Water masses and nutrient transports approached using 137Cs

*Siteng Zhu1, JING ZHANG1, Shota Kambayashi2, Takeshi Matsuno3, Eisuke Tsutsumi3, Shigenobu Takeda4, Seiya Nagao5, Hiroshi Inoue5, Hiroshi Ogawa6, Ichiro Yasuda6 (1.University of Toyama, 2.Fukushima university, 3.Kyushu university, 4.Nagasaki university, 5.Kanazawa university, 6.The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:137Cs, subtropical mode water, water masses, KIW, nutrients

More than 95% of the water flowing into the Sea of Japan comes from the Tsushima Strait, and 80% of it is Kuroshio Intimidate Water (KIW), which is rich in nutrients compared with Kuroshio surface Water and Kuroshio Tropical Water. However, there is a lack of direct evidence based on surveys or measurement data. 137Cs in the subtropical mode water (STMW) that originated in the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP1) accident is an excellent tracer which can be transported from the Kuroshio upstream to the Sea of Japan crossing the shelf edge of the East China Sea (ECS) via the KIW. It is also useful for research on the transport of nutrients from the KIW.

Data and water samples were collected during the Hakuho-Maru KH-17-5 Cruise and the Nagasaki-Maru 464 Cruise in November and July 2017, respectively. Data from the KH-17-5 Cruise was used for the study of the area around the Luzon Strait and those of the Nagasaki-maru 464 Cruise was used for the study of area around the outer shelf region of the East China Sea and the Tsushima Strait. The 137Cs active concentration was analyzed by γ-Ray spectrometry after preconcentration. The turbulence intensity was measured using TurboMAP and VMP2000.

The maximum 137Cs concentration shows the existence of the subtropical mode water (STMW) in the Luzon Strait, the ECS and the Tsushima Strait, respectively, at the similar density (25.2-25.7 kg/m3), temperature (15-17℃) and salinity (34.60-34.75). Although their depth changes from 400 m in the Luzon Strait to 150 m at the shelf edge of the ECS and 100m in the East Channel of the Tsushima Strait, they can all be identified as the KIW because of the similar density. It is noteworthy that around Luzon Strait, the distribution of 137Cs is influenced by strong vertical mixing. The percentage of nutrients transported to the Sea of Japan by KIW is estimated and this is meaningful to the ecosystem of the Sea of Japan.