Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences ) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS12] Marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles: theory, observation and modeling

Mon. May 27, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Shin-ichi Ito(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Takafumi Hirata(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Enrique N Curchitser(Rutgers University New Brunswick), Eileen E Hofmann(Old Dominion University)

[AOS12-P04] The global oceanic iron distribution estimated by data assimilation approach

*Doi Toshimasa1, Satoshi Osafune1, Shuhei Masuda1, Hajime Obata2, Kazuhiro Misumi3, Jun Nishioka4 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.The University of Tokyo, 3.Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, 4.Hokkaido University)

Keywords:oceanic iron, data assimilation

Since distribution of oceanic iron is considered as one of the restriction factors of phytoplankton activity, it is necessary for a pelagic lower trophic level ecosystem model to take into account the effect of iron. In this study, we constructed a three dimensional gridded data of oceanic iron concentration by using both available in situ observation and simple iron cycle model. For the physical process of iron transport, the advection/diffusion model was used along with the flow field of ESTOC (Estimated State of Global Ocean for Climate Research). The falling atmospheric dust in the sea-surface and flux from the sediment at sea floor of the coast were set as the input of the iron. The scavenging or desorption by particulate matter in the water column were employed as the control variables and we constructed the simple iron cycle model. The optimized set of control parameters was obtained based on a Green's function approach by using available in situ iron concentration observations. The results showed that the iron concentration in the southern hemisphere is lower than northern hemisphere, and the low iron regions were well reproduced around the regions of high nutrient / low chlorophyll. Moreover, it is suggested that the Atlantic Ocean is more affected by the atmospheric dust compared with the Pacific Ocean.