Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

H (Human Geosciences ) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT18] Development and application of environmental traceability methods

Tue. May 28, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Nobuhito Ohte(Department of Social Informatics, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University), Gabriel J Bowen(University of Utah)

[HTT18-P01] Isotopic study on seasonal nitrogen dynamics at Lake Biwa

*Takaaki Ishibashi1, Ken'ichi Osaka1, Keisuke Koba2, Takashi Nakamura3, Kei Nishida3 (1.Department of ecosystem study, University of Shiga Prefecture, 2.Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, 3.International Research Center for River Basin Environment, University of YAMANASHI)

Keywords:nitrogen dynamics, nitrogen isotope, seasonality

To clarify nitrogen dynamics in Lake Biwa, we measured the concentrations of nitrogen compounds and their nitrogen stable isotopic ratios in 14 depths in north basin of Lake Biwa. In the lake, particulate nitrogen (PN), such as phytoplankton, is generally decomposed to dissolved nitrogen (DN); in order of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON), ammonia nitrogen (NH4+) and nitrate nitrogen (NO3-). These dissolved nitrogen compounds are taken up by phytoplankton again, and the nitrogen circulation in the lake is established. To predict the water quality in future, it is necessary to understand the nitrogen cycle in the lake, as well as nutrient load to the lake.

In this study, we collected lake water sample at 14 depths in north basin of Lake Biwa (water depth is 90 m) in 1-2 months interval. The lake waster sample was analyzed for the concentration of PN, PC, DN, NO3-, NO2- and NH4+, d15N of PN, DN and NO3-.

NO3- concentration was lower in the surface layer (0-20m), and higher in the deep layer (20-90m) during the stratification period, whereas NO3- concentration was constant in all layers during the circulation period. PN concentration also increased in the surface layer from April to June, decreased sharply in July. These indicate that phytoplankton which grew on the surface layer from April to June used NO3-, thereafter, NO3- was depleted after June, then, phytoplankton decreased after July respectively. On the other hand, NO3- concentration is considered to be increased by decomposition of the precipitated PN from surface layer. It is considered that the NO3- concentration became constant in all layers because of mixing of deep layer and the surface layer.

The weighted average d15NDN, d15NNO3 in the unit water columns decreased about 3‰ in the circulation period, in the circulation period, then, increased during the stratification period. The decrease of d15NDN, d15NNO3 at the water column during circulation period can not be explained by mixing of deep layer and the surface layer. We will discuss the mechanisms of d15NDN, d15NNO3 decrease during circulation period in the presentation.