[MIS03-P03] Variation of mineral dust flux in peat at a high moor on the Mt. Daisetsu during Holocene
Keywords:Asian dust, peat, Mt. Daisetsu, Holocene
Asian dust transported to the northern Japan may have a different source from those transported to the southwestern Japan. In spite of this, many of previous dust studies for Asian dust deposition in Japan have been conducted for the paleo-archives collected from the southern area. Therefore, it is necessary to reconstruct the composition and flux of Asian dust transported to the northern Japan in order to understand the spatio-temporal variability of westerly that could have significant influence on the climate in east Asia.
We collected peat cores from the high moor in Mt. Daisetsuzan area, and measured the mineral composition contained in peat. After heat treatment of peat samples, we conducted X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis on the ash fraction and semi-quantified the minerals. Quartz, illite, and chlorite showed positive correlation among others, while various feldspars showed another positive correlation among others independent from quartz. Amorphous materials exhibited a variability different from quartz or feldspars. High ash content was associated with high feldspars or amorphous. Comparing these mineral compositions with those of aeolian dust deposited in this area and the local riverbed materials, we judged that the inorganic fraction could be explained by mixtures of aeolian dust and two kinds (crystalline and amorphous) of local volcanic materials.
We applied statistical unmixing of these mineral assemblage using PARAFAC algorithm on XRD profiles. Quantification of subcomponents such as Asian dust and local volcanic materials enabled us to estimate the variation of dust flux to this northern region for the last 5000 years. Comparison of our results with previous works for dust depositional history in southwestern region around Japan shows an antiphase variation of dust fluxes between north and south, which suggests the change in meandering pattern or pathway of westerly jet trasporting Asian dust.