Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS08] Geopark

Mon. May 27, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Takayuki Ogata(Disaster Prevention Research Center for Island Regions, University of the Ryukyus), Tatsuto Aoki(School of Regional Development Studies, Kanazawa University), Noritaka Matsubara(Graduate School of Regional Resource Management, University of Hyogo), Keiichi Tadokoro(Research Center for Seismology, Volcanology and Earthquake and Volcano Research Center, Nagoya University)

[MIS08-P08] Geoscientific Setting and Educational Significances of Yonaguni Island in the Ryukyu Arc, Eastern Asia

*Takayuki Ogata1, Masakazu Nara2, Makoto Otsubo3, Tadahiro Shibata4 (1.Disaster Prevention Research Center for Island Regions, University of the Ryukyus, 2.Sciences Unit, Natural Sciences Cluster, Research and Education Faculty, Kochi University, 3.Geological Survey of Japan, Research Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, 4.The Unit of Natural Monuments, Monuments and Sites Division, Cultural Properties Department, Agency for Cultural Affaire)

Keywords:Ryukyu Arc, Eurasia Plate, Philippine Sea Plate, sandstone, weathering, Yaeyama group

The Ryukyu Arc lies along the subduction zone between Eurasia and Philippine Sea Plates. Yonaguni Island is located in southwestern most of the Ryukyu Arc, where geological setting connects the Taiwan central range and the Luzon volcanic arc. Miocene sandstone (Yaeyama group) is broadly exposed on island surface which forms low altitude mountains and hills (maximum elevation is 231 m). The Yaeyama Group, of which sandstones show some distinct physical sedimentary structures, such as hummocky or ripple cross-stratification, suggesting deposition in shallow-marine to marginal-marine settings, is characterized by pervasive occurrences of well-preserved trace fossils. Sandstone surfaces in wave-splash zone often show a honeycomb structure (tafoni) indicating physical disintegration by salt weathering under present coastal environments with strong wind. This honeycomb geometry seems to be controlled by the horizontal and vertical distances from coast line and sea level. Pleistocene limestone (Ryukyu group) partly covers the Yaeyama group and forms uplifted marine terraces made mainly from coral reef sediments. As the permeable limestones of Ryukyu Group broadly covers the less permeable Yaeyama Group, a number of natural springs rise at the bottom of the precipitous limestone cliffs, and provide water resources and scenic landscapes. Such stratigraphical, paleontological, geomorphological and hydrological features present significant sites to study seamless geoscience. Geoscientist should discuss scientific significances for conservation of several geosites in Yonaguni Island.