[MIS11-P04] Water-rock reactions in the parent body of Ryugu
The calculations showed that stabilities of hydrous/anhydrous minerals, carbonate, pyrene change with temperature and W/R value. In Case 1 (CO2-free), the altered chondrite consists of serpentine, troilite and subordinate amount of hydrous/anhydrous minerals (e.g., magnetite, saponite, gibbsite and chlorite) at 0–300 °C. However, with increasing temperature above 300 °C, olivine and clinopyroxene become major phases as the amounts of serpentine, chlorite and magnetite decrease. At 350 °C, olivine becomes the most abundant minerals in conjunction with disappearance of serpentine. Similar temperature dependencies of hydrous mineral stabilities were also shown at low W/R in Cases 2–4 (CO2 =1–10%) whereas carbonate is predominant at high W/R. Although the total amount of hydrous minerals in the surface of Ryugu is still unconfirmed, the calculation results suggest that the temperature of hydrothermal reactions experienced by Ryugu is lower than approximately 300 °C if a certain amount of hydrous minerals are present in the surface rocks. In contrast, if the amount of hydrous minerals is relatively small, higher temperatures (>350 °C) may account for the observed IR spectra. In this case, the parent body may have undergone high-temperature hydrothermal reactions that could occur in relatively large body. Otherwise, it is also possible that the parent body underwent instantaneous high-temperature events such as impacts after the aqueous alteration.Regarding the discriminating darkness of Ryugu, pyrene and/or magnetite are considered as the abundant dark materials on the surface of Ryugu in the predicted alteration minerals (pyrene is not dark by itself but can be altered to dark organic matter through geologic time). Especially, pyrene can be consolidated through reduction of CO2in Cases 2–4 because of water-chondrite reactions generate abundant H2. These solid phases are minor or absent at high W/R where carbonate is predominant but the sum of them exceeds several % at low W/R because water-chondrite reactions at low W/R generate abundant hydrogen. Therefore, the results indicate that the altered chondrites broadly become darker with decreasing W/R. However, if the water-chondrite reactions start under H2-rich condition, the CO2 in the fluid would be effectively reduced to form organic materials (Cases 2–4) even at high W/R, which also potentially contribute the low reflectance of Ryugu.