[MIS11-P11] Interaction experiments between eucritic glass and 0.1 M NaCl aqueous solution at 300-500℃ and 1.5 kbar: Suggestions on water-rock interactions at the bottom of Europa’s subsurface ocean
Keywords:Europa, Water-rock interaction
In our experiments, eucritic synthesis glass and 0.1 M NaCl aqueous solution were reacted at 300-500℃ and 1.5 kbar for 8, 16 and 32 days, using cold-seal type pressure vessels. The water/rock mass ratio was fixed at 1/1 in all the experiments (50 mg of powdered glass to 50 µL of NaCl solution). Solid products were analyzed by X-ray diffractometer and SEM equipped with EDS. Water chemistry of the reacted solution were determined by ICP-MS.
The mineral assemblages observed in our experiments were as follows.
・Fe-rich smectite (saponite), epistilbite and xonotlite at 300℃ and 1.5 kbar
・Fe-rich smectite (saponite), ferroactinolite, Ca-rich plagioclase and minor amount of magnetite at 400℃ and 1.5 kbar
・Mg-rich smectite, ferroactinolite, Ca-rich plagioclase, magnetite and hydroxyapatite at 500℃ and 1.5 kbar
The formation of magnetite at 400-500℃ suggests that these high-temperature water-rock interactions may generate hydrogen and sustain chemoautotroph-based ecosystems. As a future work, we would like to evaluate the hydrogen generation potential quantitatively.