Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS14] Global climate change driven by the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic Ice Sheet

Mon. May 27, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Osamu Seki(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Ryu Uemura(University of the Ryukyus), Ryosuke Makabe(National Institute of Polar Research)

[MIS14-P07] Seasonality in sulfur isotopic compositions of atmospheric sulfate and its implications for atmospheric sulfur cycles in East Antarctica

*Sakiko Ishino1, Shohei Hattori1, Joel Savarino2, Michel Legrand2, Susanne Preunkert2, Bruno Jourdain2, Francis Albarede3, Emmanuelle Albalat3, Naohiro Yoshida1,4 (1.Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, School of Materials and Chemical Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Institut des Geoscience de l’Environnement, Université Grenoble Alpes/CNRS, 3.Ecole Normale Supérieure (LGL-TPE), 4.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:Sulfur isotope analysis, Sulfate aerosols, Antarctica

Atmospheric sulfate in Antarctica is produced mainly from a marine biogenic sulfur compound, dimethyl sulfide. They are therefore a subject of study related to the linkage between marine biogenic activity and climate. We investigate year-round observations of sulfur isotopic compositions of atmospheric sulfate (SO42) at inland (Dome C) and coastal (Dumont d’Urville) sites in East Antarctica to quantify the relative importance of marine biogenic (mb) and non-marine biogenic (nmb) SO42 for the Antarctic atmospheric sulfur cycle. The δ34S values of non-sea salt sulfate showed clear seasonal variations with summer maxima and winter minima, and showed homogeneity between inland and coastal sites throughout the year. This result suggests that the isotopic fractionation through chemical reactions during transportation from coastal to inland areas insignificantly affects the observed δ34Snss values. The observed δ34Snss values are controlled mainly by the relative importance of mb-SO42 and nmb-SO42. This finding, in conjunction with the SO42 records in Antarctic ice cores, will open a perspective implying the increased relative importance of nmb-SO42 during glacial periods. We also found a significant increase in nmb-SO42 concentrations in November, especially for the inland site. This nmb-SO42 increase is correlated with the 210Pb concentration, suggesting the existence of long-range transport of continental nmb-SO42 from lower latitudes to the Antarctic inland. Identification of the sources of those nmb-SO42 will be a key step for elucidation of the linkage between Antarctic atmosphere/climate and environmental changes at lower latitudes from the past through the future.