Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS14] Global climate change driven by the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic Ice Sheet

Mon. May 27, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Osamu Seki(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Ryu Uemura(University of the Ryukyus), Ryosuke Makabe(National Institute of Polar Research)

[MIS14-P10] Pliocene CO2 concentration estimated from Southern Ocean SST

*Osamu Seki1, Tomohiro Shimono2 (1.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Guraduate School of Environmental Science)

Keywords:Climate sensitivity, Pliocene, carbon dioxide concentration

Prediction of temperature change by the climate model depends on climate sensitivity, which is the temperature change associated with doubling of CO2 concentration. The constraint on climate sensitivity is the key part in the IPCC and thus is critical for the future climate prediction. However, despite considerable efforts for constraint on climate sensitivity, the climate sensitivity still remains uncertainty. Furthermore, recent paleoclimate studies revealed that climate sensitivity depends on climate state. This highlights the necessity to know the climate sensitivity in the warmer than the present climate for the future prediction. The Pliocene Warm Period (3-4.5 million years ago) is often regarded as the best analogue of climate in the near future and thus is ideal to investigate climate sensitivity in the warm climate state. In this study, we reconstruct CO2 concentration based on the new empirical approach (average SST in mid latitude of Southern Ocean) to estimate climate sensitivity in the Pliocene Warm Period.