Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS14] Global climate change driven by the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic Ice Sheet

Mon. May 27, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Osamu Seki(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Ryu Uemura(University of the Ryukyus), Ryosuke Makabe(National Institute of Polar Research)

[MIS14-P16] The weathering of granitic rocks in the Sør-Rondane Mountains, East Antarctica

*Tatsuo Kanamaru1, Yusuke Suganuma2, hisashi Oiwane3, Hideki Miura2, Makoto Miura4, Jun'ichi Okuno2, Hideaki Hayakawa5 (1.Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, College of Humanities & Sciences, Nihon University, 2.National Institute of Polar Research, 3.Musuhi LLC, 4.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kanazawa University, 5.Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Antarctica, Weathering, oxidation

Weathering processes in hyper-arid and hypothermal environments are key to our understanding of geomorphological processes and landscape evolution in Antarctica. Here, we explore the weathering of granitic rocks and the associated weathering products in the Sør-Rondane Mountains of East Antarctica, to obtain quantitative information regarding the physical and chemical weathering of granitic rocks in hyper-arid and hypothermal environments. Various petrological techniques, including whole-rock chemistry, loss on ignition measurement, mineral chemistry, laser-Raman microspectroscopy, in addition to color measurement and hardness test for the rock samples, were used to analyze the physical and chemical weathering of the rocks. These measurments reveal that the weathering of granitic rocks in the Sør-Rondane Mountains of East Antarctica is controlled mainly by oxidation, including iron hydroxide formation in veins formed by the thermal expansion and contraction of rock-forming minerals, frost shattering and/or salt fretting, and Fe–Ti oxide alteration in the rock interior. Importantly, these physical and chemical weathering processes are unlikely to require a liquid water supply from the environment, and the restricted supply of liquid water and salt is the most probable explanation for the extremely slow weathering rates in the Sør-Rondane Mountains.