Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS16] Dynamics of eruption cloud and cumulonimbus; modelling and observation

Thu. May 30, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Eiichi Sato(Meteorological Research Institute), Fukashi Maeno(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Takeshi Maesaka(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience)

[MIS16-P05] Distant tracking of maximum pumice diameter in pumice-fall of the Tenmei eruption of Asama volcano: An attempt to draw isopleth lines of mm scale-maximum pumice diameter in the Kanto Plain

*Shingo Takeuchi1, Shimpei Uesawa1 (1.Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Civil Engineering Research Laboratory, Geosphere Sciences)

Keywords:volcanic ash-fall, maximum pumice size, Tenmei eruption of Asama volcano

Volcanic ash-fall reaches distant areas and has great adverse effects on human health and society. Therefore, it is important to investigate properties of volcanic ash-fall of past eruption in distant areas for volcanic hazard assessment. However, thin ash-fall deposit in a distant point is not preserved as a visible geological layer. Instead, particles of ash-fall are mixed in soil. The characteristics of distal ash-fall particles in soil is an important geological evidence to assess volcanic ash hazard and constrain modelling of volcanic ash-fall processes in distant areas. Takeuchi and Uesawa (2018, JpGU) studied the Tenmei eruption (AD1783 eruption) of Asama volcano and detected pumice particles in the topsoil at areas along ash dispersal axis with distance up to ca. 170 km in the Kanto plain, and correlated the pumice particles to the pumice-fall of Tenmei eruption. They tracked the maximum pumice diameter (MP) along the dispersal axis and obtained the MP variation with distance which can be consistently linked with the data with distance up to ca. 55 km of Minakami (1942). In this study, same soil survey has been performed in areas away from the dispersal axis to track the maximum pumice diameter (MP). The preliminary result suggests that we can draw isopleth lines of MP down to 1 mm in diameter in the middle to the southern area of the Kanto Plain. In addition, we have investigated characteristics of ash fall of Tennin eruption (AD1108 eruption), because ash dispersal areas of Tennin eruption partly overlaps those of Temmei eruption in the northern Kanto Plain, at which pumice particles originated from the Tennin eruption are also found in topsoil. In the future analysis, we need to distinguish pumice particles from those of Tennin eruption to determine the MP of Temmei eruption.