Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS19] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Thu. May 30, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Michinobu Kuwae(Center for Marine Environmental Studies), Hitoshi Hasegawa(Faculty of Science and Technology, Kochi University)

[MIS19-P12] An 8,000-year climate record from Lake Motosu, Japan: Implications for the East Asian Monsoon

Sarah McDonlad3, Jonathan Tyler3, *Stephen Obrochta1, Yusuke Yokoyama2, Yosuke Miyairi2, Kosuke Ota2 (1.Akita University, 2.University of Tokyo Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, 3.Department of Earth Sciences, The University of Adelaide)

Keywords:monsoon, Lake Mostosu, geochemistry

The East Asian Summer Monsoon controls the timing and amount of rainfall for around a third of the world’s population. An understanding of past changes in monsoon strength is thus crucial for placing current events in context and for characterising future climate risk. Whilst many monsoon records have been developed for continental Asia, fewer records exist from the north-eastern edge of the monsoon region. We present a new monsoon record for central Japan based on an 8,000-year lacustrine sedimentary sequence from Lake Motosu, located at the northern foot of Mt Fuji. Lake Motosu is a hydrologically closed lake and is therefore expected to be sensitive to changes in monsoon strength. Additional macrofossil radiocarbon dates are used to refine an existing high-fidelity age model. This age model is then applied to constrain the timing of changes in bulk sediment geochemistry (TC, TN, C/N, δ13C,δ15N) and the oxygen isotopic composition of sedimentary cellulose (δ18O). Changes in sediment chemistry reflect shifts in the sources of organic matter to the sediments, variations in lake hydrology and changes to the local catchment. In turn, these changes are linked to regional variations in monsoon strength. However, their interpretation is complicated by the impact of local seismic and volcanic activity.