Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-TT Technology & Techniques

[M-TT48] Frontiers in Geochemistry

Sun. May 26, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Tetsuya Yokoyama(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, School of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Hajime Obata(Marine inorganic chemistry division, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

[MTT48-P03] Development of 3H-3He groundwater dating method

*Nomata Naoki1, Hirochika Sumino1 (1.Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo)


Residence time of groundwater is an important parameter to elucidate groundwater flow system. We are developing the 3H-3He method, which is one of dating methods to estimate groundwater residence time ranging from several months to 120 years. In regions where water circulation is relatively active like those in Japan, this method is useful because it is considered that there are few groundwater with residence time more than several thousand years. The best advantage of this method is that it is applicable to accurately determine an age of young water compared to other methods (CFC & SF6method and 36Cl method, etc.), because initial 3H concentration is directly determined as the sum of 3He and 3H in the water at present, if the groundwater flow system has been a closed system for 3He and 3H until its discharge. The age determined by the 3H analysis only requires an assumption of the initial 3H concentration based on the record of the past precipitation, therefore it is difficult to determine unambiguous groundwater age (Mahara et al., 1993). In the 3H-3He dating method,3He concentration in a water sample is measured first by degassing of water in vacuum, and after a few months' storage, 3He produced from the decay of 3H in the sample is measured to determine3H concentration at the time of degassing. Thus, how the water sample is well degassed during the first analysis and how leaking of ambient helium into the degassed water is suppressed are crucial to determine small amount of 3H. We analyzed standard water samples provided by IAEA with known 3H concentrations to evaluate accuracy and precision of our method. When we compared the 4He concentrations of the samples analyzed just after degassing and those analyzed after storage for one month, the 4He concentration was extremely large in the samples stored for one month. As this indicates that the air helium intruded into the degassed sample during storage, we examined various ways to seal the sample container to prevent intrusion. This presentation will discuss developing of this method and how it will be applied to groundwater study in the future.