Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM10] Multi-scale Coupling in the Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere System

Mon. May 27, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yue Deng(University of Texas at Arlington), Toshi Nishimura(Boston University), Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Yanshi Huang(Harbin Institute of Technology, Shenzhen)

[PEM10-P01] Atmospheric responses in both hemispheres to relativistic electron precipitation

*Yoshimasa Tanaka1,13,14, Takanori Nishiyama1,14, Akira Kadokura1,13,14, Mitsunori Ozaki2, Yoshizumi Miyoshi3, Shin-ichiro Oyama3,15, Ryuho Kataoka1,14, Masaki Tsutsumi1,14, Koji Nishimura1,13,14, Kaoru Sato4, Yoshiya Kasahara2, Atsushi Kumamoto5, Fuminori Tsuchiya5, Mizuki Fukizawa5, Mitsuru Hikishima6, Shoya Matsuda6, Ayako Matsuoka6, Iku Shinohara6, Masahito Nose3, Tsutomu Nagatsuma7, Manabu Shinohara8, Akiko Fujimoto9, Mariko Teramoto3, Reiko Nomura10, Akira Sessai Yukimatu1,14, Keisuke Hosokawa11, Masafumi Shoji3, Ralph Latteck12 (1.National Institute of Polar Research, 2.Institute of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University, 3.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 4.Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 5.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 6.Japan aerospace exploration agency, Institute of space and astronautical science, 7.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 8.Kagoshima National College of Technology, 9.Kyushu Institute of Technology, 10.National Observatory of Japan, 11.Department of Communication Engineering and Informatics, University of Electro-Communications, 12.Leibniz-Institute of Atmospheric Physics e.V. at the University Rostock, Germany, 13.Polar Environment Data Science Center, Joint-Support Center for Data Science Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems, 14.The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 15.University of Oulu, Finland)

Keywords:Polar Mesosphere Winter Echoes, Arase satellite, PANSY radar, MAARSY radar, relativistic electron precipitation, magnetospheric plasma waves

Relativistic electron precipitation (REP) in the polar atmosphere has been paid attention to because it changes atmospheric composition, causing ozone depletion after migrating to the lower altitude during polar winter. A plausible mechanism for REP is the interaction with magnetospheric plasma waves, such as electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves and whistler-mode chorus waves. Previous studies have already shown that EMIC waves can effectively drive REP, however, observational evidence that chorus waves can drive REP was lacking. In this study we present direct comparison between magnetospheric plasma waves and polar mesosphere winter echoes (PMWE) simultaneously observed with the Arase satellite and high-power Mesosphere, Stratosphere and Troposphere (MST) radars in both hemispheres, PANSY and MAARSY. PMWE can be related to the ionization in the mesosphere due to REP. The PMWE were observed at 03-07 UT on March 21, 2017 during the passage of corotating interaction region (CIR), during which the Arase footprints were close to Syowa Station (SYO; –69.00S, 39.58E), Antarctica, and Husafell (HUS; 65.67N, –21.03E), Iceland.
The observational results are summarized as follows. (1) EMIC waves and whistler-mode chorus waves were observed by Arase near the equatorial magnetosphere during 02:30-04:45 UT and 04:45-07:00 UT, respectively. (2) PMWE were detected with both the MAARSY radar at Andøya (AND; 69.30N, 16.04E), Norway, and the PANSY radar at SYO, Antarctica, during 04:45-07:00 UT, which was the recovery phase of an isolated substorm. We believe this is the first time PMWE have been observed in both hemispheres at exactly the same time. (3) During 04:45-07:00 UT, the temporal variation of the chorus wave power was similar to those of the PMWE power in the both hemispheres. (4) The PMWE observed at SYO during 03:00-04:00 UT before the substorm onset was consistent with the occurrence of the EMIC waves. The item (2) shows direct evidence that chorus waves during the substorm recovery phase cause REP. We estimated the resonance energy of electrons interacting with the observed LBC waves, however, the estimated energy was too low to cause PMWE at an altitude lower than 70 km. However, we found that the resonance energy becomes greater than 1 MeV, if LBC waves propagate to the magnetic latitude greater than 30 degrees and resonate with energetic electrons there. As for item (4), the PMWE observed at SYO during 03:00-04:00 can be related to wave-particle interaction with EMIC waves, which may be generated inside the plasmapause by ring-current hot ions with temperature anisotropy. This anisotropy was caused by magnetospheric compression due to increasing solar wind dynamic pressure during 01:00–06:00 UT just after the arrival of the CIR. Since CIRs are main sources of geomagnetic disturbances during the declining phase of the solar cycle and solar minimum, this event is not rare but rather a common atmospheric response caused by interaction between recurrent large-scale solar wind structures and geospace.