Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM11] Dynamics of Magnetosphere and Ionosphere

Wed. May 29, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Aoi Nakamizo(Applied Electromagnetic Research Institute, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Mitsunori Ozaki(Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Institute of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University), Akiko Fujimoto(Kyushu Institute of Technology), Tomoaki Hori(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University)

[PEM11-P06] Transient polar ionospheric convection response to negative dynamic pressure pulse

*Jianjun Liu1 (1.Polar Research Institute of China)

Keywords:Dynamic pressure, Ionospheric convection, Auroral oval

The response of the high latitude ionospheric convection to a sudden decrease in solar wind dynamic pressure provides a unique opportunity to investigate how the solar wind couples to the dayside magnetosphere and ionosphere. Here, the event shows three IMF components do not have prominent changes, but the solar wind plasma went down to near zero magnitude, which leads to very weak solar wind driving during northward IMF. However, ionospheric convection observed by SuperDARN radars showed enhanced plasma flow speed in the central polar cap region just after the negative pressure pulse arrival to the magnetosphere. Simultaneous convection map generated by SuperDARN measurement presents enlarged convection cell with obvious equatorward moving Heppner-Maynard boundary. It is noted that cross polar cap potential enhanced instantly and this enhanced feature continued almost 10 min. The distribution of total electron content (TEC) exhibited typical auroral oval signature especially on dayside ionosphere, TEC density in auroral oval showed a noticeable decrease after the arrival of the negative pressure pulse. Both ionospheric convection and TEC distribution reveal that negative pressure pulse impacts the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling system directly and dramatically. Moreover, the TIEGCM model also showed an enhanced polar potential pattern.