Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM13] Inner magnetosphere: Recent understanding and new insights

Wed. May 29, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yusuke Ebihara(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Danny Summers(Memorial University of Newfoundland), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Shinji Saito(Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University)

[PEM13-P20] Mass dependence of penetration depth of multi-energy ions in the inner magnetosphere during magnetic storms: Arase observations

*Ryosuke Fujii1, Yoshizumi Miyoshi1, Masafumi Shoji1, Kazushi Asamura2, Lynn Kistler1,8, Vania Jordanova9, Tomoaki Hori1, Satoshi Kurita1, Mariko Teramoto1, Yasunori Tsugawa1, Yoshiya Kasahara3, Yasumasa Kasaba4, Atsushi Kumamoto5, Fuminori Tsuchiya4, Shoichiro Yokota6, Kunihiro Keika7, Ayako Matsuoka2, Iku Shinohara2 (1.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 2.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3.Information Media Center, Kanazawa University, 4.Planetary Plasma and Atmospheric Research Center, Tohoku University, 5.Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 6.Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 7.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 8.University of New Hampshire, 9.Los Alamos National Laboratory)

Keywords:The Arase satellite, Ring current, Ions

During magnetic storms, the ring current ions move toward the Earth, and the inner edge position of the ring current depends on the convection electric field. We investigate variations of the inner edge of the ring current ions, so-called, penetration depth, during magnetic storms using the ion measurements made by the Low-energy particle experiments-ion mass analyzer (LEP-i)/Medium-energy particle experiments-ion mass analyzer (MEP-i) instruments onboard the Arase satellite. The Arase satellite typically observes the earthward penetration of the ring current protons associated with the enhancement of the dawn-to-dusk electric field in the inner magnetosphere during the storm main phase. The plasmapause moves earthward during the main phase. On the other hand, the convection electric field decreases during the storm recovery phase in which the flux of ring current protons decreases. We identify that the penetration depth of protons depends on the minimum Dst index during the storms as well as the proton energy.

We also investigate the penetration depth of other ions, i.e., helium and oxygen ions. Because the life times of helium and oxygen ions due to charge exchange reaction for are longer than that of protons, it is expected that these ions can penetrate deeper than protons and temporal and spatial evolution can be observed clearly. We will also discuss the relation between the position of ring current inner edge and cross polar cap potential.