Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM17] Space Plasma Physics: Theory and Simulation

Thu. May 30, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Takayuki Umeda(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Takanobu Amano(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo), Yasuhiro Nariyuki(Faculty of Human Development, University of Toyama), Tadas Nakamura(Fukui Prefectural University)

[PEM17-P01] PIC Simulation on nonlinear development of lower-hybrid instabilities driven by energetic ions.

*Tsubasa Kotani1, Mieko Toida2, Toseo Moritaka2, Satoshi Taguchi1 (1.Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 2.National Insititute for Fusion Science)

Keywords:lower-hybrid instabilities, ion-cyclotron emissions, non-linear development, Particle-In-Cell simulation

Instabilities driven by energetic ions are important issues both for space plasmas and magnetic fusion plasmas. Radio Frequency (RF) waves in the range from the ion cyclotron frequency to the lower hybrid resonance frequency are often observed during the period of neutral beam injection (NBI) in Large Helical Device (LHD) plasmas. The experimental results showed that the peak frequency in the Lower Hybrid Wave (LHW) region has a positive correlation with the electron density and the ion cyclotron emissions (ICEs) have much larger amplitudes than LHW. These waves can be excited by instabilities due to energetic ions generated by the NBI perpendicular to the magnetic field.

Using a one-dimensional, electromagnetic, Particle-In-Cell (PIC) code, we study instabilities driven by energetic ions assuming that the energetic ions have a non-Maxwellian ring-like distribution in the velocity space perpendicular to the magnetic field. This PIC code enables us to self-consistently simulate full dynamics of electrons and ions and evolution of electromagnetic fields, using the full Maxwell's equations and the equations of motion of particles. We focus on the nonlinear evolution of LHW and ICEs caused by continuous energetic-ion injection into a plasma.

The simulation results are as follows. After the rapid growth of the LHW in the early stage, the ICEs gradually become intense. Finally, the ICEs have larger amplitudes than LHW.