Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS05] Recent advances of Venus science

Mon. May 27, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Takehiko Satoh(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Takeshi Horinouchi(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Masaru Yamamoto(Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University), Kevin McGouldrick(University of Colorado Boulder)

[PPS05-P06] Enormous cloud cover as seen by Akatsuki/IR2 on the night-side disk of Venus

*Takehiko Satoh1,2, Choon Wei Vun2, Takao M. Sato3, Takeshi Horinouchi4, George HASHIMOTO5, Kevin McGouldrick6 (1.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 2.Department of Space Science, SOKENDAI, 3.Department of Business and Information Systems, Hokkaido Information University, 4.Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, 5.Department of Earth Science, Okayama University, 6.LASP, University of Colorado Boulder)

Keywords:Akatsuki IR2, Venus night-side, Cloud opacity

Night-side observations in transparency windows of CO2 atmosphere of Venus allow visualizing inhomogeneous clouds in ~50 to ~60 km altitudes. The IR2 camera on board Akatsuki captured such images at 1.735, 2.26, and 2.32 um wavelengths. In the IR2 night-side data, an enormous cloud of greater opacity and very sharp edge in the front (western end) is seen repeatedly. This feature seems to encircle the planet with a period of ~4.5 days (Peralta).
Although interesting, property of particles in this feature was not studied before due to difficulty of photometric measurements in IR2 night-side data. This difficulty comes from a combination of the intense day crescent and extended tail of IR2 point-spread function (multiple reflection in the detector is the cause). We have developed a technique to restore the contrast of the night-side data by deconvolution so that the photometric studies can be done with IR2 night-side data.
The data acquired on 18th and 27th August 2016 are analyzed. We have performed a series of radiative transfer computations to reproduce both 1.735- and 2.26-um opacities in this enormous cloud. Properties of the cloud partices will be presented and possible mechanism of this remarkable phenomenon will be discussed.