[SCG49-P03] Physical property of the fossilized crust-mantle transition zone from ICDP Oman Drilling Project Hole CM1A and CM2B measured onboard D/V Chikyu
Keywords:ophiolite, mantle, oceanic crust, moho
X-ray CT, bulk/grain density, porosity, magnetic susceptibility, P-wave velocity, electrical resistivity and thermal conductivity were measured onboard D/V Chikyu using whole-round cores and discrete samples for core sections from CM1A and CM2B.
The paleo-Moho in CM1A may not preserve the original structure due to minor faulting, possibly during obduction. The gabbro-dunite transition (paleo-Moho) in Hole CM1A is characterized by a sharp change in physical property data. For example, P-wave velocity decreases from ~6.7 km/s in the layered gabbro sequence to ~4.9 km/s in the MTZ. Low P-wave velocity and density (~2.6 g/cm3) in serpentinized dunites reflect the fact that olivine in the dunites is almost completely serpentinized. Serpentinization could have occurred during hydrothermal alteration near the spreading ridge axis, during subduction of 100’s of km of oceanic crust and sediment beneath the ophiolite, during obduction onto the Arabian continental margin, and/or during present-day weathering. In contrast to the paleo-Moho, the boundary between the Crust-Mantle Transition (CMT) sequences (i.e., dunites and dunites with gabbro lenses) and the underlying, residual mantle harzburgites is somewhat gradual. P-wave velocity gradually increases from ~4.9 km/s for dunite in the CMT to ~5.5 km/s for harzburgite in the mantle sequence. The thickness of the CMT is 50–70 m in Holes CM1A and CM2B. We also report on correlations between physical properties, especially electrical conductivity and magnetic susceptibility, and the fault intensity and alteration intensity from the core descriptions.