Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG61] Dynamics in mobile belts

Tue. May 28, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yukitoshi Fukahata(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Toru Takeshita(Department of Natural History Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University), Hikaru Iwamori(Geochemical Evolution Research Program, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

[SCG61-P26] Stress tensor inversion in focal area of the 2016 Mw7.8 Kaikoura earthquake, New Zealand

*Miu Matsuno1, Tomomi Okada1, Satoshi Matsumoto2, Yuta Kawamura2, Yoshihisa Iio3, Tadashi Sato1, Stephen C Bannister4, John Ristau4, Martha K Savage5, John Townend5, Jarg Pettinga6, Francesca Ghisetti7, Richard H Sibson8 (1.Research Center for Prediction of Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 2.Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, 3.Disater Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 4.GNS Science, New Zealand, 5.Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand, 6.University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand, 7.TerraGeologica, Ruby Bay, New Zealand, 8.University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand)

We study spatio-temporal change of stress field of the 2016 Kaikoura earthquake in the northern area of South Island of New Zealand. Data from both the 51 temporary stations and 22 GEONET stations were used. Data collection was from March 2011 to December 2017. We derived focal mechanisms using HASH (Hardebeck and Shearer, 2002), By focal mechanism solutions of earthquake, we estimated stress fields of main shock of Kaikoura earthquake before and after. We used SATSI (Hardebeck and Michael, 2006] for stress tensor inversion. In our previous result (Sato, 2017 master’s thesis in Tohoku University), there is possibility that on-fault aftershocks bias the result of stress tensor inversion. Therefore, by using Kagan angle between mainshock fault model and each focal mechanism, we remove aftershock on the faults, and perform stress tensor inversion. We use the fault model by Hamling et al. (2017). In a result, Kagan angles of many earthquakes are large, so this means that many aftershocks occurred off the fault plane. The results do not depend on threshold of Kagan angle. Obtained stress tensor inversion after main shock in areas near London Hill Fault and near Kekerengu fault are strike-slip fault type with SHmax orientation of ~N115E, which is almost same as for before the Kaikoura earthquake (e.g., Sibson et al., 2012; Townend et al., 2012), and stress tensors before and after the mainshock didn't appear to change after the earthquake beyond the estimation error. However, in the area near the hypocenter of the main shock we still cannot get a stable stress tensor. Also we plan to obtain results of a stable stress tensor for before the main shock by increasing the number of focal mechanisms of earthquakes that we examine.