[SIT20-P03] The effect of water and redox state on melting at the top of the lower mantle
Keywords:dehydration melting, lower mantle, hydrous magma, redox state
Here, we performed melting experiments of peridotite with 2.0 wt. % H2O at 26 GPa and 1600 °C - 2000 °C. As a starting material, two peridotite samples were synthesized: one was Fe2O3-bearing sample and the other was FeO-bearing. The samples were sealed by gold capsules. Recovered product of reductive sample (= FeO-bearing) from 2000 °C and 26 GPa showed a partial melting texture. This indicates that mantle melting can be occurred under this experimental condition. On the other hand, there are no melting texture of recovered sample of Fe2O3 system from 2000 °C and 26 GPa. In short, the materials constituting the lower mantle melts in the reduced state but not in the oxidized state. It is reported that ferric iron occupies a majority in the redox state at the top of the lower mantle [McCammon, 1997 Nature; Frost et al., 2004 Nature]. Thus, it is considered that melting phenomenon may or may not occur due to the regional difference of redox state. At 2000 °C, compared to bridgmanite in this study, the composition of melt was SiO2- and Al2O3-poor and MgO- and CaO-rich. Although the FeO component concentrated in the melt, this behavior is closer to the tendency of the anhydrous melting experiments (2400 °C or more) [Ito & Takahashi, 1987 Nature; Trønnes & Frost, 2002 EPSL] than the hydrous system (~1400 °C) [Kawamoto, 2004 PEPI] because of the small amount of water. We calculated the density and compressibility of the magma based on the obtained melt composition. Comparing with seismological model, this melt is lighter than the lower mantle rock. This implies that a small amount of water (2.0 wt. %) can cause a light melt at the top of lower mantle and form the seismological low velocity zone.