Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT21] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Mon. May 27, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Kenji Kawai(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, School of Science, University of Tokyo), Tsuyoshi Iizuka(University of Tokyo), Kenji Ohta(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University)

[SIT21-P06] In-situ X-ray observations of the olivine-spinel transformation under shear deformation: preliminary results on the reaction-induced weakening

*Tomoaki Kubo1, Moriyama Kazuya1, Yuichiro Mori1, Masahiro Imamura1, Sanae Koizumi2, Yu Nishihara3, Akio Suzuki4, Yuji Higo5 (1.Kyushu Univ., 2.ERI, 3.GRC Ehime Univ., 4.Tohoku Univ., 5.JASRI)

It has been suggested that high-pressure transformations cause rheological weakening and large deformation of subducting slabs in mantle transition zone (MTZ) . However, there have been few direct experimental evidences so far largely because of the difficulties in quantitative deformation experiments under such conitions. Here we report preliminary results on the olivine-spinel transformation experiments under shear deformation upto MTZ pressures. D-111 (DT-cup) type high-pressure deformation apparatus was newly used for this purpose combined with high-energy synchrotron mono X-rays (50-60 keV) at Photon Factory (PFAR NE7 beamline), which enables in-situ observations of interactions between transformation and creep behaviors. Sintered Mg2SiO4 forsterite was first deformed at 15-25 GPa at 600°C in shear, and subsequently heated to higher temperatures (~0.2°C/s) to cause the olivine-spinel transformation under shear deformation. The transformation started at much lower temperatures under shear deformation (~900-1100°C depending on the overpressure from the phase boundary) compared to that without deformation (~1400°C), suggesting that the shear deformation enhances the olivine-spinel transition rate. The shear strain rate in the sample monitored by X-ray radiography was ~3-4 x 10-6 (s-1) at 600°C, and increased up to ~2-3 x 10-4 (s-1) with ramping temperatures even keeping the anvil displacement rate constant (200 micron/h). We observed that the shear weakening does not occur at the same temperature, but reflects on the initiation of the olivine transition. Also, the weakening effects become significant at larger overpressures (and low T). This implies that the weakening of the shear zone induced by the grain-size reduction due to the olivine-spinel transition, however further evidences from microstructural observations are necessary. We plan to install 8-ch acoustic emission measurement system attached with D-111 apparatus to capture the transformation-induced shear instabitiy. Results of D-DIA shear deformation study on the olivine-spinel transition in Fe2SiO4 will also be presented and compared with those of the D-111 study in Mg2SiO4 .